After completing the finishing work on laying tiles, mosaic, the tiles remains the gaps. To improve the tightness of the surface, protect the base from moisture ingress and give the finish with the completed view, the tile seams are made. Work starts from the choice of material, tool, surface preparation.
For the finishing decoration of walls and floors, tiles, ceramics, glass, porcelain stoneware, mosaic, clinker, smalt are used. The gaps need to be lost - this gives the coating aesthetically attractive appearance and allows you to create a monolithic hermetic plane. For grouting seams, tile use various mixtures:
- Cement. Component composition includes portland cement, additives, fine sand, polymers. Simple mixtures are suitable for final processing of tile surfaces in living rooms, bedrooms.
- Epoxy two-component. Two components are used - resin and hardener catalyst. The finished paste has a short lifetime of life up to 60 minutes, so the rapid solution must be developed immediately.
- Polyurethane solutions. The mixtures include polyurethane resins in the form of water dispersions. In terms of quality and properties, polyurethane sealants are similar to epoxy, have a limit on the thickness of the seam to 6 mm.
For the grout of intercutric seams, special materials are used if the tile is laid on a complex surface or aggressive environments affect it. In this case, silicone sealants, heat-resistant solutions, compositions with furan resins are used.
Important: A high-quality mixture in addition to the main binder component must contain impregnation, additives, minerals, latex or other fillers, which improve the performance properties of the composition.
Tools for work
In the construction medium, the grout of a ceramic or other tile is called fugging. The master's task is to evenly fill the gaps with a cooked solution. For the grout of the seams of ceramic tiles, the following tools use with their own hands:
- The solutions stirring perform a drill with a nozzle or a construction mixer.
2. To fill the gaps, you need a set of rubber spatulas, for epoxy compositions take a tool from rigid rubber.
3. Buckets or other containers in which it is convenient to stir the grotype mixture, a tank with clean water.
4. Preparatory work and cleaning of intercutric junctions are carried out by a painting brush, a knife, a special solvent.
5. If a two-component composition on an epoxy-based basis is used, the grout of the tile seams is performed by a foam sponge.
Since substances that make up the mixtures include the category of chemical components, you need to work in gloves, it is desirable to use a mask or respirator. To remove excess mass at hand there should be a dry nonvilous rag.
An important advantage of the paste on any basis is good adhesion with any surfaces. This is true in the case when the plane being processed is completely cleaned of contamination. Therefore, before applying grouting on the tile, you need to remove dust and garbage. How to make preparation for grouting:
- Remove locking plastic crosses.
- Shipping a knife surplus glue at the junctions.
- Remove traces of glue from the joints with a knife, spatula.
- Clean the gaps from dust with a brush or brush.
- Sleep the joints, wash, dry the tile.
Some solutions are better collected on a slightly moisturized surface, but these conditions do not need to be observed when the seams of the ceramic tiles are grouting with two-component mixtures. In order not to scratch fragments of cladding, glue can be removed with a wooden stick, and not a sharp blade. If you want to lift the seams on the porous surface, the masters recommend to salary the joints on both sides by painting scotch, so that less grouts falls on the tile - it leaves the stains on the porous material.
ATTENTION: Waste the seams not earlier than 8-24 hours after the tile laying. The time indicator depends on the speed of drying the tile glue.
Preparation of solution
To simplify the work on the grout of the seams of the tile with their own hands, you can purchase a ready-made mixture. The shelf life of such compositions is limited, and the cost is much higher. If a dry powder is used, then depending on the selected agent (on cement, epoxy, polyurethane), you need to mix the components or dilute them with water in the proportion package:
- The dry grout is diluted with water or hardener in a clean container with a drill with a nozzle.
3. The lifetime of the finished mixture is limited, so the cooked solution is used immediately.
It is important to clearly observe the proportions specified by the manufacturer, otherwise the composition will lose its beneficial properties. The stood of the seams is performed on the prepared surface, and it is necessary to simultaneously rub 1-2 square tiles and immediately clean the plane from the excess weight. A liquid cement mixture can be stored 12-24 hours, and epoxy formulations are produced within 45-60 minutes.
Application of mixes
Before grouting the seams of ceramic tiles, you need to withstand the time required for the complete pouring of the adhesive substance. The drying rate is influenced by the component composition of the adhesive, temperature and humidity of the environment. When using cement rates, the seams are pre-wetted with water for better adhesion, and epoxy solutions are applied on dry joints. How to make a grout of tile seams:
- Clauses can be additionally treated with antiseptic or antifungal primer.
- When the seams of tiles on the floor are grouting, the mixture is applied with a wide spatula in a diagonal direction.
- For fugging on the wall, you can use a smaller tool, filling the gaps from top to bottom.
- A small amount of the mixture is gaining on the spatula and the joints are filled, pressing the solution with some effort.
- If the spatula does not inlets in the joint, it means that the clearance is completely filled with a solution, and there is no emptiness in it.
- After grouting the seams on the floor, the wall with an area of 1-2 m2 proceed to the formation and extension.
- Plastic grout pervals the piece of cable of the corresponding diameter, the extra mass is cleaned.
When working with epoxy compositions, the seams are formed with a sponge or pouch with a finger. The tile is immediately purified, and when hardening the means - a special solvent. If there are problem areas (squeezes, pits), they are neatly close in fresh paste.
Note: Grout must be on a millimeter shall below the tile level. Forming beautiful joints need a damp pure sponge, so as not to deform the joints by the residues of dried on the grout.
After grouting the seams of the tile with their own hands in the bathroom or in the kitchen, the facing material must be cleaned from the residues of the mixture until the paste finally dried. This suits the method of cleaning using a wet foam sponge or pure cloth. Excess cement mass is cleaned 20-30 minutes after filling with the solution. When working two-component compositions, clean the surface must be immediately. Masters recommendations:
- If the grout "stretches" behind the cloth, you need to wait another 10 minutes.
After cleaning, the state of the seams carefully examines. If necessary, prepare a new portion of the mixture and straighten the deformed joints. The final processing is performed the next day - polish ceramics with dry rag and impregnate the seams with colorless silicone sealant. It prevents the formation of fungus and mold, additionally protects intercutter joints from moisture effects.
Video: The best way to grout tile seams
In the process of grouting seams in the bathroom or in the kitchen, even with the most accurate application of paste, excess mass is formed. If cement grout is used, the residues of the substance can be erased by dry rag after drying. Not a porous tile, some masters are grinding with a rubber nozzle. Epoxy and polyurethane compositions are removed immediately until the mixture hardened.
With a dry method, cleaning is not allowed so that particles of dried pasta fall on the seams. The grater work diagonally, constantly cleaning the tool from the hardened slices of the grout. Relief tile is cleaned with an old toothbrush. With a large amount of work and applying epoxy mixtures, professional builders use electrical composites with removable felt discs.
How to rub the seams on the floor
Cement or epoxy mixtures are used to handle the joints of the flooring. Compositions are resistant to mechanical damage, are not abrasion. To increase the operational resource, after the stamps of the seams of the floor tile, the joints are failed with silicone sealants - not necessarily, but reliably. The screening technology of seams on the floor between porcelain tiles is almost no different from the processing of vertical surfaces with their own hands:
- Prepare Tools - a set of spatulas, drill, construction knife, grater, foam sponges, a container for a mixture and water, rag.
- Remove cross-locks, clean the floor, "commemorate" by a painting brush.
- Prepare a solution: the cement mixture is added to water or latex, gradually stirring.
- If drill is used, you need to include a 300 rpm tool so that there are no air bubbles in the paste.
- Before applying cement grout, the joints are moisturized to better grasp the composition with the base of the floor.
The further process is to fill the gaps between the tiles. Grouting outdoor tiles on the seams is diagonally, and you need to start work from a long corner of the room, moving to the entrance to the room. You need to rub the mixture with pressure, completely filling the emptiness between the fragments of the floor covering. After preparing the foundation, the tile seams in the bathroom are performed as follows:
- The square meter of tiles is wetted on the joints, but the water drops should not be.
3.New wizards rub the composition with a special grater, others use the spatula - depends on the tile (porous, embossed).
4. The mixture is rubbed diagonally with a slight pressure, repeating the actions of two or three times.
5. Excess weight immediately remove the spatula, keeping the tool vertically to the surface.
After processing one or two squares of the area of the floor covering, the plot is cleaned from grouting with warm water or special means. To fill with a solution, you can use a building bag (cone). The desired amount of paste is placed in it and squeeze into the gaps, hanging the mixture with a graking or spatula. After 15-20 minutes on the seams, you need to walk with a damp sponge to equalize the mixture and complete the flag. While the composition dries out, proceed to the processing of the next square. If epoxy material is used, the paste is mixed in such a quantity to generate a solution for an hour. The seam is considered ideal if it is recessed relative to the jacks of tiles and has a smooth structure.
Differences from grouting on the walls
There is a significant difference between how to properly rub the tile on the wall and on the floor, no. The technology remains unchanged, and work is carried out in the same manner - drying of tile glue, surface preparation, preparing the solution, applying the mixture, cleaning the tiles from the excess tight mass. Minor differences in work:
- Floor makeup should be more resistant to mechanical damage.
- On the wall, the tile seams are performed vertically from top to bottom, it is more convenient to work with a spatula.
- Treatment of flooring is performed diagonally, you can use a spatula, a grater, a construction bag.
After a complete drying of the mixture, you can handle the seams with silicone sealant. The transparent substance reliably protects the grout from moisture absorption and gives the composition of the dirt-repellent properties. On the tube with sealant there is nozzle or tassel for convenient application.
Width of the griming seams
A controversial question that professional builders do not give an accurate answer - the width of the griming seams. It is necessary to be guided by a simple rule - a wide clearance between tiles reduces monolithium and mechanical coating strength, but visually gives the surface strict geometric lines . Masters recommendations:
- The length of the tile on one side is less than 10 cm - seam is 1-3 mm.
- The material size is more than 10 cm on the side - the joint will be 2-8 mm.
- For clinker tiles, make the grout of the seams of 8-15 mm.
- There are 1-3 mm between small fragments of the mosaic.
- Extrusion tiles with large faces (up to 30 cm) rub in seams with a thickness of 4-10 mm.
Between the products of the wrong form leave a large gap (up to 12 mm) so as not to attract attention to the geometry of products. Seams on the floor can be larger than on the walls. For the restoration of the old coating, you can reincarnate the joints. This refers to cement grouts, which are susceptible to cracking in disruption of the technology of preparation and applying a solution. Old seams are treated with sandpaper, carefully cleaned dust and sprinkle residues, covered with fresh mixture. In some cases, it is more convenient to restore interputric seams by staining. To completely replace the sealant, a special cleaner is poured on the old grout. When the grout softens, it is removed by the seams. After cleansing the gaps, it is necessary to make a grout of the ceramic tile again, adhering to the technology described above.
The finishing of the tile with the use of grouting mixtures requires accuracy and skill. Not to all masters will be able to get a grout of impeccable quality. It is important to do the work gradually, filling small areas of the wall or ceiling so that it remains to correct the errors. The result of painstaking work will exceed the waiting of the wizard - after grouting seams, the tile acquires a beautiful visual effect.
The joints of the seams is an overlay operation with a special mixture of seams between the laid tiled, which is necessary in the final part of the work of the tile master. It is at this stage that all errors will be clearly visible (if there is) laying tiles.
The tile stamping makes it possible to eliminate minor chips on the ends of the tile, as well as align a common visual picture. In addition to its decorative function, the lighted seam is very practical. In the gaps between the tile, dust and garbage does not fall, and the cleaning of the floor / wall will be much easier.
Also, the joints for the seams performs the function of the hydrobrier (the rapid moisture resistant mixture) in the bathroom, shower, kitchen or toilet.
In these premises, high humidity and risk of water or water vapor to the surface. Permanent wetting of the seam can lead to the formation of fungus and mold, which can spread under the tile itself.
Tightly lured seam with a properly chosen mixture completely excludes such a situation.
Select the material for grouting seams
To date, building materials stores can offer a lot of grouting mixtures for every taste, situation and wallet. It is worth paying attention to the fact that the grout (it is still called a fugue) rather notable, and the price will depend not only on the firmware of the manufacturer, but also on the appointment, color palette, packing.
Among the huge number of brands can be called:
Selecting the colors of grouts of the seams of ceramic tiles is a matter of personal preference, but mainly choose to tone the darker tile itself. The sellers of consultants have printouts of samples with various shades of mixtures, applying to the tile that can be selected color.
As a rule, grouting mixtures will be sold in sealed polyethylene packages (bags) or plastic buckets. Packing on average from 1 to 5 kg. Resistance of the mixture from 0.2 to 1 kg / m2. Such dispersion on the flow rate is due to the dimensions of the tile (thickness, area) and the layer of glue, as well as the width of the interputric seam.
The grout for the seams must be chosen depending on the type of room and operational characteristics (waterproofing, for high humidity, for a warm floor, frost resistance).
What is needed for work?
In order to solve the tile on your own, you will need the following tool:
- Strip mixture;
- Clean bucket or container for kneading;
- Manual mixer or low turnover electromyer;
- Mason male or plastic (wooden) peg (so that he seam):
- Old vacuum cleaner, broom, scoop;
- Spatula for the formation of seams;
- Sponge for washing dishes, rag (rag)
- A small plastic or rubber (it is more convenient) a spatula up to 15 cm, or a special spatula or Kelma for grouting seams.
Say which tool is better (Spatula or Kelma) is hard - it is rather the case of habit. Although plastic cells are often used on large volumes, as it is faster.
Only the question remains on the consumption of a grout mixture (it will also increase), and after such a branch will be more difficult (smeared all tile, as in the photo above).
Such a celma is usually watched on the principle of putting the walls (gain and smear over the surface, filling emptiness). The spatula will work much longer, but the quality you will definitely be satisfied.
Tile seams tile technology
First you need to prepare the surface and clean the seams. Ideally, the seam from the masonry glue must be cleaned a few hours after the masonry (when the glue hardened, but not dry).
But in practice, especially for large volumes, so as not to interrupt the process, the laying passes in stages, so the seam is cleared the day after the extraction of the strut crosses when the glue has grabbed well.
But it is worth remembering that the metal tip is easy to damage (scratch, leaf) the tile itself! This method is suitable if there is no special hurry, since accuracy is required here.
Instead of the drain, you can use a plastic or wooden peg, blade or wand. Such instruments cannot be scratched even the glossy surface of the tile.
After cleaning, the entire gathering garbage is collected by a vacuum cleaner or sweep. Next, the tile must be flushed to avoid the ingress of undesirable particles into a grout mixture or seam.
Preparation of a mixture for grouting seams
In a pre-prepared container, it is necessary to pour clean water of room temperature into which dry rapid powder falls asleep. Walk out 5 minutes and mix well again.
Alsitation is similar to the preparation of putty, rubbing the fine fraction itself (like dust). You can mix as a mixer on low revs, and manually (for example, a spatula). The solution should be homogeneous, without lump, a consistency resemble a toothpaste.
How to rub the tiled seam
The main principle of reliable and beautiful seam is the full filling and accuracy of its work. It does not need fussiness.
Also should not save on the amount of the mixture used, filling the seam is not completely.
Empty or thin layer, soon they can lead to cracking, falling out or cutting out the grouts and as a result, to rework the tile box, only already "conscience".
Having typing a bit of a grout mixture, it must be crushed between tiles, movements across the seam. Further, we carry out the edge of the spatula (we press) along the entire length of the seam, thereby sealing it even better. After the seal, it must be filled again to the top of the top mixture, overwhelming the same spatula.
Expanded by about 1-2 m2, the first lighted seams will snack a little to betray the finish look. A wet sponge or rag should be carefully removed (wiped out) the top layer of the grouting mixture almost to the level of chamfer on the tile rib.
You can also use a spatula for the formation of seams, and you can do without it. Often this process accelerates, wiping simply with his fingers, to the detriment of quality.
It often happens that after applying a sponge or vet, strips are formed on the seam. In this case, it is necessary or wetting the vehicle or stronger or use a liquid grout mixture from above.
Surface cleaning after grouting tile seams
All the work with the grout must be done carefully, trying not to smear the tile, periodically remove the surplus. In the case of a glossy surface, easier. It is easier to launder, while with rough structures (for example, the omnipresent porcelain stoneware "salt-pepper" without glazes on the floors of supermarkets and offices), there may be problems.
Divorces, staining of the tile, the pamping of the seams, the frequent satellites of the rough surface of the material and the inattention of the wizard itself. In this case, we use special coiling liquids of various sales producers (MAPEI, MIRA and so on).
The final stage will be thorough surface cleaning.
Everything is ready - the work is completed! As you can see, squeeze the tile on your own - it's not a difficult thing. Even if you are doing this for the first time, be sure - after the first square of the work, you will understand its main principles, master the technique and adapt to this process to this process, possibly making your contribution to the improvement of the tile seams.
A source: https://superdom.ua/repairs/overhaul/966-kak-rasshit-plitku-osvaivaem-prosteyshuyu-tehnologiyu-zatirki-shvov-keramichovkoy-plitki.
Grouting seams of ceramic tiles: how to rub the seams right
The modern construction and finishing materials market pleases a variety of choice, however, undoubted leaders in this area have been determined for a long time. Ceramic tile is one of the best facing materials tested by time.
The surface trimmed with tiles is practical and serves a long time, and the presence of a material of an unlimited color palette allows you to embody the most exquisite design projects.
In addition, the popularity of tiles is also explained by the fact that, in principle, it is possible to separate the walls on the wall independently, and the necessary recommendations can be easily found in the global network. For example, we want to offer you the most useful information on how to rub the stitches on the tile.
Grout for seams tile - the proposal of the modern market
After laying a ceramic tile, the final stroke is the stood of the seams, without this procedure, the trim of the walls of the flooring the tiles can not be considered. In addition to practical significance, seam has a decorative feature - complements the overall pattern on the wall or sex. Moreover, manufacturers produce many color additives.
Two types of lulls: based on cement or epoxy resin
The grout on a cement basis is delivered in the form of a dry mixture, which in the working state is given by diluting with water or liquid latex.
Although the retail network can also be found and ready-made grouts, but their price is much higher.
Cement grout for tile seams in the overwhelming majority of cases is made on the basis of portland cement, and the distinguishing components are special additives included in the composition. All the grouts of this species are divided into three groups:
- based on industrial portland cement;
- based on the dry hardener;
- Based on a latex mixture with Portland cement.
Epoxy molds turns off with an epoxy resin and hardener, and gives the seams increased impact resistance and resistance to various chemical influences. Such a grout is distinguished by a high cost and, as a rule, is used in the arrangement of the premises of production or trading destination.
In addition, the epoxy grout is characterized by an excessiveness, so only a specialist will be able to work with it. Moreover, there are certain limitations of its use: the thickness of the tile - from 12 mm, and the minimum width of the seam is 6 mm. Otherwise, in narrower seams, such a grout properly penetrates simply will not be able.
Is it necessary to use sealant?
Putting seams tile - video instruction manual, by the way, is at the end of this article, assumes and processing seams using sealant.
It will protect the surface of the tile from the excessive absorption of moisture, as well as protect it and the seams from the appearance of spots. If the surface is finished with a tight tile, then it is completely covered with liquid sealant.
Such a specific substance in its composition has acrylic, varnish or silicone. Therefore, it is necessary to choose it oriented on the type of tiles and a clutter material.
By and large, the width of the griming seam depends solely on personal preferences. Many people prefer narrow seams, which visually as if suppress the tile.
If the surface is made of 10-30 cm elements, then the most optimal seam will be about 3 mm. Sometimes for such a scheme, 60 cm tiles are stacked.
If in the work of the incorrect shape tile, then it is advisable to perform a wider seam, but it is not reasonable to be more than 12 mm.
On the other hand, it is not necessary to make a rapid seam too narrow, as it will significantly complicate the grouting process, and as a result may be remotely, that is, water under the tile will be seeded. According to professional facing of the seams, the width should be sufficient that they could easily fill out any of the selected rates.
Only in this case they will become waterproof and will perform the function of peculiar shock absorbers in the process of compression or tile expansion. If the seam differs in negligible width, then it will not have such parameters.
Toolkit and auxiliary materials
- Respirator (execution of work using cement-based grouts).
- Protective glasses.
- Latex gloves.
- Roller, rubber spatula or scraper with rubber nozzle.
- Fishing, sharpened at one end wooden stick or toothbrush.
- A piece of pure fabric.
- Small tassel for drawing or painting roller.
- Mix grout.
- The solution is withstanding to the required level of water absorption.
- Repeatedly stirred grout very carefully.
- A solution is distributed.
- Surplus are cleaned.
Preparation of solution
As a rule, the dry grout is mixed either with water or latex liquid additives that replace water.
When using any kind of liquid, it is necessary to add only this amount that will be sufficient to prepare a plastic and easily distributed mixture.
This aspect is extremely important, since excess of moisture can provoke a weakening of the grout. To make everything correctly, you need to mix strictly by the proportions specified on the grout package.
The container in which the solution will be mixed should be dry and clean.
When mixing the grouts, dry ingradient is added to the liquid. Moreover, it is originally used about ¾ of the norm of the fluid indicated in the recipe. After in a solution, all dry components are introduced into the solution, the remaining fluid is added, without forgetting to control the consistency of the mixture.
To mix the solution, the use of a cell or an electrical stirrer is recommended. If preference is given to "automation" of this process, then the mixer during operation should be completely immersed in the solution, so the air will not fall into it.
After all, air bubbles can also loosen the grout solution. It is for this reason that the speed of turnover of the blade should not exceed the indicator of 300 rpm.
At the end of the mixing procedure, the solution must be left alone for 8-10 minutes, and then you can already be safely applied to the destination.
Grouting seams of ceramic tile - direct execution
The grout of the seams of ceramic tile begins with the layout of the solution on the surface of the tiles. For proper distribution it is best to use a special culfish grater. It holds around the angle of 300 bills of the tile surface and applied diagonally.
The grater must be passed on the processed area 2-3 times, and, not just covering the interconnect distance, but trying to grasp the solution in the seam with the effort to fully fill it.
Naturally, the greater the resistance will be, the greater the density of the seam fill, and, accordingly, and the stronger it will be. The main idea of this work is that all empties and corners around the tiles remaining after its laying should be maximally filled.
When applying grouting, the liquid will leave it, and the seam is filled with particles of cement and sand. Thus, after solidification in the seam, a solid is solid.
No need to grip the entire surface at the same time. The most optimal option will be the solution distribution in a small area, about 1-2 m.
In the process of work, it will be found out how far the grout is rapidly seizing and whether there is a need for frequent stops associated with surface cleaning. In some cases, it is possible to sweep 9-10 kV. m, and then engage in cleaning work area.
If the solution is quickly settled, then only a small plot is lost.
What is a grout bag?
If the lined surface has such a structure that its cleaning process requires considerable effort, for example, imitation of old brickwork, it is recommended to use a special bag for grouting.
This "tool" visually resembles a confectionery bag, with which the hostess decorate the cakes. At the end of the bag, the tip is fastened, the diameter of which is correlated with a width of a clutter seam.
Then the bag is filled with a solution, which is extruded with an effort straight into the seam.
When using a clutter bag, the tip is placed in the top of the seam, and then moves along as it is filling. As a rule, at first all horizontal seams are filled, and then vertical. In the process of applying the grouting, it needs to be squeezing a little more than, it seems at first glance.
After some solidification of the solution, it will be tamed with the use of a bunch or a small piece of metal smooth tube, the diameter of the cross section of which is greater than the suture size.
Then, for 30 minutes, it is necessary to give a compressive grout compressed in the seam seam and then surplus are removed using a rigid brush.
Wet wipping removal
When visually determines that the grout is sufficiently frozen, the wet cleaning of the lined surface is produced. For this, an ordinary sponge is taken, moistened in ordinary clean water. Circular movements of excess grouts are removed from the tile, while you should not forget about the frequency of washing a sponge in the water, which you need to change as contamination.
Dry removal of Zatir
The seams need to be aligned and smoothed by the board, that is, a wooden stick with the sharpened end or the end of the handle of the toothbrush. The edges are then poured with a sponge. The seam obtained should be even and non-repeated, in the overwhelming majority of cases it turns out slightly concave. All seams should be the same shape and depth.
We hope our detailed instruction will help you correctly perform an independent stamping of seams on a lined ceramic tiles of the surface. If some moments require clarification, we suggest you familiarize yourself with the training video roller.
A source: https://pol-master.com/pol-pokritiya/plitka/kak-zatirat-shvy-na-plitke-video.html
How to rub the seams on the tile: the criteria for selecting grouts, methods of application
The final stage of work on laying tiles on the wall or floor is the filling of the seams - filling the joints with a specially prepared composition, the color of which can correspond to the color of the lined surface or, on the contradiction, to be contrasting. If necessary, the processed seams are also treated with a sealant.
In addition to the decorative grout function, protects the seams from the penetration of moisture and can hide the possible defects of masonry, but poorly performed can spoil the look of flawless styling of the tile.
Tips how to rub the seams on the tile correctly, help prevent errors and extend the life of a beautiful and durable ceramic flooring or walls in any room of your home.
Assortment of clutter materials
For the finishing decoration of the seams at the joints of the laid ceramic tiles, special culfing mixtures are used, which, depending on the binder, are used:
- cement-based grouts;
- Two-component rafts based on epoxy resins.
Cement grout for tile seams is sold in the form of a dry mixture, which is necessary to bring to the required consistency before using water or liquid latex.
The basis of the mixtures of this type is portland cement, and as additives there may be hardeners, dry latex and coloring pigments.
If you fail to find a ready-made grouting mixture of the required color, you can buy white and independently add a dye before use.
The basis of epoxy races is the two components - epoxy resin and a hardener that ensure high strength of the seams and stability both to moisture and to aggressive chemicals. Epoxy grout is quite viscous and works very quickly, it is necessary to work with it skillfully and quickly.
In addition, a ceramic tile is most often used for decoration of residential premises, the thickness of which does not exceed 12 mm, and the width of the joints on the joints is 3-6 mm, and such narrow seams viscous epoxy molding simply will not be able to fill, but when lining home pools or other Non-standard objects it is indispensable.
Epoxy grout is good for processing wide seams and enhances the decorative effect of unusual tiles
Switch width - choice factor
The width of the seams between the tiles each selects to its taste, but the surfaces lined with the finishing ceramics of the square or rectangular shape of any standard size from 10 to 60 cm look aesthetically and more carefully with a width of the seam 3 mm. Overwhelming seams in this case visually a little inhibit and simplify the elegant design of the ceramic surface.
When using the incorrect shape tile, a wider seam to 12 mm, on the contrary, enhances the decorative effect of the lined surface. But a wide seam can crack during operation and even the addition of coarse sand, recommended in such cases, does not eliminate the likelihood of an unpleasant facing defect.
Too narrow seams of less than 3 mm widths, too, can crack if a rapid mixture is used too liquid consistency or, on the contrary, the thick grout did not fill in the entire seam space and water penetrates into the facing. In addition, the seam also serves as a shock absorber that protects the cladding from the destruction during their possible expansion or compression of tiles when the temperature drops, and with a width of 1-2 mm, it loses this ability.
The width of the docking seams is 3-12 mm is considered optimal, also because it allows, if necessary, use not only the simplest cement grout, diluted with water, but also latex, acrylic or epoxy culinary mixtures.
Ceramic tile stamping
Work on the design of seams between the cafeter is available even to beginners, but requires skiing. As phased by putting the seams of ceramic tiles - video material:
How to rub: recommendations and tips
Like other finishing works, the stamping of the seams of ceramic tile begins with a thorough cleaning of the lined surface and removal of dividing crosses.
Before applying grouts, tiles and seams need to clean carefully
When working with the glazed tiles, you can drain dry well-frozen seams.
Facing of the unshagened ceramics first should be moistened at the joints: this will prevent the intensive absorption of moisture from the grout mixture. It is possible to moisturize the tile from the sprayer, but moderately.
If weaving the water jets from the tile, it can become too liquid, and after drying it, will be too liquid.
Cement and epoxy resin included in the composition of the thread may cause inflammation of mucous membranes and allergic reactions, so when working with these materials it is recommended to use protective glasses, respirator and rubber gloves. Cafel seams putting on the following steps:
- Cooking a clutter pasta;
- applying grouts on the seams;
- dry cleaning of seams;
- Wet finish cleaning of seams.
Cooking of a clutter pasta
The dry component of the cement-based compound mixture and, if necessary, a dry pigment is poured into a spacious clean capacity, the amount of water is poured into the manufacturer's instructions and are mixed first manually, and then mechanically using a construction mixer.
As a result, a solution with a consistency of very thick sour cream should be obtained. If the mixture turned out to be too thick, adding water, bring it to optimal consistency.
If a liquid dye is used to tapping the grouts, it is necessary to add it to the finished paste and mix well with a mixer.
The prepared solution for the complete swelling of the components of the components is left for 10-15 minutes and again stirred with a mixer to a homogeneous smooth consistency.
The casual paste is applied to the lined surface and evenly distribute it with a wooden culma or a grinding grater in the direction of the joints between the tiles, carefully filling them with a mixture.
The tool must be kept at an angle of 30 ° to the tile, and the mixture to apply the movements diagonally. The rapid solution with an effort is pressed into the seam, filling all corners, emptiness, cracks, not filled with glue. In the process of grouting, the liquid fraction of paste will gradually go to the surface, and the seams are filled with a solid fraction of cement, sand and polymer additives.
Do not immediately apply a clutter pasta to the entire surfaced surface. Running the seams on the square about 1 sq. M. It is determined how rapidly settles the rapid solution quickly, and then decide which frequency it is necessary to stop and clean up already processed areas.
Using a grout bag
When working with a surface, lined with a difficult cleaning tile, for example, from a natural or imitating artificial stone, you can apply grout on the seams using a special bag for grouting with a tip, like a confectionery bag.
Grouting on the seams of matte tiles is convenient to apply with a special bag
Filling the seam of paste from the bag is starting from above and, as each seam is filled, donomose descend.
At the same time, the grouts should be squeezing a little more required quantity.
As soon as the mixture begins to be captured, its piece of rubber cable with a diameter of a diameter of the seam is neatly pressed into the seam, and after about 30 minutes, the excess pressed in the seam of grouts can be removed with a rigid brush.
Dry cleaning of clutter seams
After filling out all the seams with a grouting mixture, its excess from the tiles is removed by a special grater, holding the tool almost perpendicular to the tile and making movements diagonally in the seam direction, trying not to hurt them.
If the grater, hitting on the seam, captures the grout lumps, can be filled again and align the seam surface. For complete gripping, a certain time is required, the duration of which depends on the formulation of the mixture.
The previous section of the facing from the excessive mixture of the mixture is stirred from time to time, it is stamped by a casual paste in the tank so that it is ready to continue processing the seams in the next site.
Wet finish cleaning
On the rate of moisture evaporation and the total grasp of the grout leaves from 5 to 20-30 minutes, depending on the type of tiles, glue, such as base, humidity and air temperature.
Moreover, on the surface of the tile, the composition can be frozen very quickly, but in the seams will remain raw. To check whether the grout is ready for wet cleaning, it is tested by a richly moistened with a sponge on a small piece of facing.
Mass in the seams should be dense, elastic, but not solid.
If the grout reached for a wet sponge, then it is not ready for wet cleaning of the seams. The paste can be sued to the surface of the tile while removed by a special abrasive grater that does not leave scratches on the tile. Cleaning the tile from dried out, it is gently wiped with a well-pressed wet sponge.
For wet cleaning, the facing will need a bucket with clean water and a sponge with rounded edges, which leaves the grooves in the lined seams.
Initially, all overlapping sponge and seams are removed by a rudely moistened sponge, blending the moisturized particles of cement and sand and controlling so that the grooves do not appear in the lined seams.
The sponge is often washed and pressed and the area of 1-2 sq.m is cleared for each reception. When processing a lined surface area, more than 8-9 sq.m, the water must be changed.
Having finished the first stage of wet cleaning, carefully examine all the lighted seams and, if necessary, align them first a smooth wooden or plastic chopstick of the circular cross section and then pressed with a wet sponge.
In front of the final wet cleaning, the grout in the seams are aligned with a smooth wooden or plastic chopstick of a circular cross section.
The width of the seam is set when laying, but the shape is chosen according to personal preferences and taste.
As a rule, if the facing is made of tiles with smooth sharp edges, the rapid seam form cloves with them.
With the rounded upper edge of the facing tile, the shape of a clutter seam is most often choosing a tiler, but it should not rise above the facing surface.
In conclusion, the seams and ceramics of the facing are no longer possible from the residues of the grouts, but from the muddy whitewash, until it takes its final appearance and leave 15-20 minutes to complete drying. For a gripped matte tile, one or two stages of wet water change can be needed to completely remove stains and muddy divorces.
Grouts containing acrylic or latex additives are stronger and may be harder to laugh. If this happened, traces of a grout paste can be washed off with acid cleaners or a special means to remove the plaque. Only acid compounds can be used after full grip setting.
Rapid epoxy or polymer
It is very difficult to give a recommendation, which tile grout for tiles is better: it depends on the type of facing tiles and the purpose of the room in which it will be operated. With the grout on a cement basis it is easier to work, but it flashes faster and requires periodic updates.
Grout based on polymers and epoxy resin provides very durable and durable seams, allows you to create unusual decorative effects, but working with it requires special skills and should be performed very quickly.
However, when working with cement-containing grottoes at the final stage, the surface, lined with matte hygroscopic tiles, including the lined seams, are covered with a thin layer of sealant, using the usual painting roller.
If the surface is lined with glossy tiles, it is possible to handle the sealant only the grouting seams, walking along it with a thin tassel with the composition.
It will take 2-3 weeks for complete drying, after that it is possible to use the room, rejoicing the beautiful durable floor, a stylish bathroom or an elegant apron on the working wall of the kitchen.
A source: http://strmnt.com/dom/diz/bath/kak-zatirat-shvy-na-plitke.html
How to perform the grout of intercutric seams. Ceramic Tile Swipping Technology
The final part of the laying of ceramic tiles is the molding of intercutric seams. Perform it, adhering to the councils set out in the publication, will be able to each.
In addition to its aesthetic function, the paste of the interlocking seam has a practical importance - it improves the adhesion between the individual tiles and protects the interlocking space from the ingress of excess moisture.
Waiting for the drying of the glue, remove the construction knife from the interputric seams by the construction knife. Too deepening with a knife in the seam, it is enough to be a groove with a depth of 3-4 mm.
Cleaning the seams are extremely accurately, avoiding a strong impact on the end parts of the tiles to accidentally do not split the pieces of the tile from them.
Removal with a vacuum cleaner from the seams all the garbage, thoroughly wash the surface of the tile and wiped it dry, rate the quality of the work performed. If necessary, re-process the seams, paying attention not enough to purified areas.
Preparation of a clutter mixture
The most popular material is cement grout. On the shelves of building materials stores it is represented as a dry powder packaged by packages, and the mixture of plastic buckets has already been prepared.
There is no dispute, it's easier to purchase a ready-made basic mixture and, opening a bucket, immediately proceed to work. However, it should be borne in mind that the shelf life of such a mixture is short enough, and therefore all unused material will have to throw out at the end of the work.
Whether it's a dry powder. It is possible to use it as needed, but it is possible to store it while complying with the necessary conditions.
To prepare a grouting mixture from a powder, pour water into the tank in the amount specified in the instructions on the package, pour the portion of the powder, and then mix thoroughly before obtaining a plastic homogeneous mixture by consistency reminding thick sour cream.
Use the mixture to mix the mixture, spatula or a light mixer drill. Do not take a massive mixer for work, otherwise it simply scatters a mixture from the container on the sides.
Do not knead more than 2 kg of a core mixture at one time, so the amount of solution you will not have time to work out, it will grab up before you have time to spend it.
Grouting of interchanger seams
In order for the stood to have better adhesion with seams, immediately before starting work, moisten the seams with water with a sprayer or sprayer.
In the absence of a sprayer, you can use the usual painting brush and a jar with water, but in this case the time for moisturizing will be needed much more.
In the case of applying grout using a spatula-grater, hold the tool at an angle of 300 to the surface treated.
Move the heat is diagonally, trying to press the grout in the seam with an effort - this will ensure reliable filling with a grouting solution of emptiness in the corners and at the edges of the tiles.
Processing interlocking seams with a rubber spatula, rub the grotype mixture into the space between the tiles, trying to press it inside the seam.
The same spatula is gently assemble from the surface of the tile, the residues of the grouts. In order not to take a lot of extra solution, in direct sections of the seam, hold the spatula across the seam, and on their intersection - at an angle of 450.
At the end of the grouting hammer between the tiles, without waiting for the complete drying of the solution, proceed to the washing of the tile surface.
I am in a bucket with water a foam sponge, squeeze it and launder from the tile the remnants of the grout, performing a sponge circular movement.
In order not to choose too much solution from the interlock space, do not press it on the sponge and do not lead it along the seams. Do not forget to change the will in the bucket for clean.
At the end of the procedure, the seam washing should become smooth and smooth, and the grout lying is slightly lower than the plane of the tile, while the depth of the seam should not exceed 1 mm.
If even after repeated flushing on the surface of the tile, a whiten flare is formed again, it is possible to get rid of it, the surface of the dried tile of the felt of the felt canopy.
A source: https://goodmaster.com.ua/dom-i-kvartira/kak-vypolnit-zatirku-mezhplitochnyh-shvov.html
Putting the seams of ceramic tiles do it yourself
The popularity of ceramic tiles as a finishing material is due to its unsurpassed operational properties. In this case, the laying technology does not require complex tools or expensive equipment. One of the most subtle moments in the entire process of laying is grouting seams of ceramic tiles.
What's the point?
Why not stack the elements of iberate with minimal seam so that it was not necessary to rub anything?
Leave more of a wide seam necessary for the following reasons:
- Put the tile so much in addition so that the seam is not at all noticeable - a difficult task;
- Seam makes it possible to eliminate masonry flaws, which arise due to small inconsistencies in the geometry of elements;
- The gap also compensates for thermal sizes in the material.
Thus, the seam performs a lot of useful functions. However, the presence of a gap adversely affects the appearance of the cladding. In addition, this is a great place to accumulate moisture and dust.
Solve these problems are designed to grout.
Types of races
Before you understand how to rub the tile by grout, let's see what they are at all. 3 groups of materials for processing seams are distinguished:
- Based on cement. By using various dyes, cement formulations are distinguished by a wide range of colors. This grout is universal, durable and affordable. Among the minuses, we note the destructibility with water and means of household chemicals, as well as the lack of resistance to pollution.
- Based on epoxy resins. These are two-component compositions manufactured in two separate containers. Before use, they are mixed. The resulting composition has high strength and resistance to temperature fluctuations. It is perfectly holding color, and reliably isolates the space between the tiles from moisture, dust, microorganisms. The minuses include more complex cooking and applications, as well as a high price.
- Based on silicone. Increased elasticity allows you to process complex seams: angular, deformation, dusting places with equipment or structural elements. However, silicone materials are not a full grout and have a limited scope of application.
How to choose a grout for tiles? For this, it is necessary to take into account the following factors:
- Surrounding conditions. If in the room where the tile is laid dry and not dust, then you can use cheap cement mixtures. When facing kitchen rooms or bathrooms (as well as pools), the seams are raised by epoxy compositions. Separate places are recommended to additionally treat silicone materials.
- Width seam. If you plan to use a cement grout for a seam processing, the width of which is higher than 5 mm, then special compositions should be selected (they differ in the presence of sand). However, most seams are in the range of 2-4 mm. Here you can use ordinary compositions.
- Scope of work. With a small circuit area of the seams, you should navigate the dry mixtures. If the scale is inspired, then you can save time by purchasing the finished composition in buckets.
- Colour. It all depends on your personal taste. Note that the universal grout for the walls is white, and for floors - gray.
Consumption of Zatirki
Consumption of grouts for tiles per 1 m2 depends on a number of factors:
- Dimensions tile (length - a, width -b);
- Tile thickness - C;
- Switch width - D;
- Grout density - E (can be seen on the package, usually: 1.5 - 1.8).
An exemplary flow rate in kilograms per square meter is as follows:
- ((A + B) / (A * B)) * C * D * E.
For example, for a 300 × 300 mm tile with a thickness of 10 mm and with a seam width of 3 mm (the grout density of 1.6) consumption will be: ((300 + 300) / (300 * 300)) * 10 * 3 * 1,6 = 0.288 kilogram per square meter. Standard packaging 2.5 kg, therefore, enough for 8.6 square meters. m.
Order of grout
The grout of the seams of ceramic tiles is performed as follows:
- You will need a container for the composition, rubber and steel spatula, sponge and water tank. We also recommend using gloves and respirator.
- Put the seams are recommended after complete drying of glue to exclude the tile offset. Usually, this implies 5-7 days after laying. At the stacking stage it is desirable to quickly remove excess glue from the seams while it is elastic. Dried glue cut into a knife.
- Before starting work, check if it is absorbed whether the tile grogging is absorbed (relevant for the unlawed items). If there is a pigmentation, then the mixture will have to be applied using a syringe or a package with a cut-down nose (as when decorating cakes).
- Prepare the grout solution according to the instructions on the package.
- Before work, moisten the seams with water (using a sponge).
- The solution is closed on the steel spatula, from where the small part is removed by the rubber tool.
- Grouting with an effort is pressed by a rubber spatula in the seam at a small angle. Surplus, crazy on top of the tile, are removed immediately.
- The compositions for grouting seams are quite quickly set up, so take small sections of 1-1.5 square meters into processing. m.
- The surface of the tile is wiped with a sponge. It takes place on the surface of the seam, but without a strong pressure.
- With the help of the tube, the seams are produced - that is, they are carried out on the surface in order to align the width and ensure some concreteness. Excess the composition are promptly deleted.
- After a few hours, after grapping the grouts, the seams are wiping into a dry cloth to remove the remaining dust. Do it follows in the respirator.
- After 5-7 days, the seams can already be wiped with a damp cloth.
When carrying out work on improving the appearance of the existing facing, the seams need to be updated. In this regard, the question arises - how to remove the old grout from the seams of tiles?
The old grout is best removed by the mechanical way. It should be neat so as not to damage the tile. For such works, there are special decisions of seams that are extremely convenient to use.
You can also use a knife, screwdriver, drill with thin drill and other tools. However, work with prickly means is associated with a certain risk, so be careful. Especially, at the corners, where not only the likelihood of injuries increases, but also the likelihood of chips.
What to drop the grout from the tile if it is silicone? You can use special compositions to remove silicone or the same mechanical method. Seam after work should be cleaned with a vacuum cleaner and treat degreasing composition. Otherwise, the adhesion of the new grout will be worse.
Consider how to wash the grout from the tile if it is fresh. The need for this may occur when you did something wrong and decided to remake. Fortunately, fresh cement (and even epoxy) grout can be twisted with water, after which it is easily removed with a sponge. After some time, pay attention to the possible divorce on the tile - they should also be deleted.
A source: http://stroikadialog.ru/articles/otdelka/zatirka-shvov-keramicheskoi-plitki-svoimi-rukami.
Grouting seams of ceramic tile - how to make a high quality?
The tile is an excellent finishing material that has an excellent appearance, resistant to a humid environment and temperature drops. Statting the seams of ceramic tiles after its high-quality laying makes it possible to disguise all visual defects, however, non-accurant work can spoil the aesthetics of the entire cladding.
What needs to be done before grouting seams
Initially, it should be verified whether all the tile glue, which was used during laying. Thereafter:
- It is necessary to remove all dividing cross, which inserted during the styling process between the individual tiles,
- Clean intercutric seams from dust, dirt and debris,
- Wash the surface of the tile with neutral detergents and wipe it dry.
For the glazed tile of these preparatory activities will be enough.
Side and upper surfaces of non-glazed tiles before grout require additional moisture. However, it is impossible to overdo it and mooring the surface so that cracks are not formed in the cement formation.
What is the thicker materials
Seaming includes the use of special mixtures, the basis of which are materials such as cement, epoxy resin, polymer material.
In addition to the grout itself, the sealant is sometimes used if it is required to protect the seams from high humidity, as a result of which mold may form or develop harmful microbes.
The sealant for cladding is a liquid transparent substance, the basis of which is silicone, varnish or acrylic.
The selection of sealant needs to be carried out, given the type of ceramic tile and used grouts for seams. The sealant is applied to the dried rapid composition. Each mixture has positive and negative sides. In order for a lined with ceramic tiles, the surface looked worthily, it is necessary to choose the right grout for the seams.
Cement composition for seaming seams is the most popular for home use. It is produced in the form of a dry mix, where they are present in various ratios:
- Portland cement;
- special additives;
- Dry hardener.
Cement grout has white or gray. It is used both for glossy and matte tiles. Easily manufactured with your own hands. For marble tiles, cement grout is not recommended.
The compositions where epoxy resin are used when working in trade, industrial and office space. In addition to epoxy resin, there is a hardener, which gives the mixture a special strength. The seams treated with a similar mixture, after its drying, become inaccessible to alkalis and acids, are easily cleaned of dust and dirt.
According to consistency, epoxy grout is rather viscous, it is difficult to work with it. It is not suitable for seams with a width of less than 6 mm, since its composition is poorly rubbed into such a narrow space. Remove epoxy compositions with special cleaners no later than a day after their application, otherwise they do not wash off.
The polymer grout refers to the group of new materials. It is less durable than epoxy, however, has a number of positive advantages. The polymer compositions are easy to use, as they are in a plastic pasty state and, if necessary, are easily flushed. The advantages of the polymer grout include the following properties:
- When dried, gives a small shrinkage,
- forms mud - and waterproof surface,
- Frost resistant, hardens at any ambient temperature.
If a polymer clamp grout of ceramic tiles is used for work, video that can be found on the Internet will fully show how to prepare the polymer composition and rub the seams.
Similar grouts are produced by manufacturers of various colors and shades and you can always choose such a composition that will be organically combined with a shade of the main coating or be contrasting.
To increase the strength performance characteristics, liquid polymers are added to the dry grout.
What width should be seams
Even in the process of laying, it is necessary to decide in advance with the width of the interputric seams. The seams are more than 12 mm visually hide defects of the edges of the tile, but such a width of the seams reduces their strength. And low hardness and insufficient strength lead to the fact that cracks may appear in the seams.
Very narrow seams, a width of no more than 1.5 mm, it is difficult to fully fill in the grout. As a result, moisture may fall inside the unclosed space, which is why the surface lined with ceramic products may be exposed to deformation.
For square tiles with dimensions from 10 to 60 cm optimal with a width of 3 mm. For the strength of the seams (the width of which is more than 12 mm) in the grouting should add sand with a particle content of larger than usual fractions.
How to apply a clutter mass
The prepared working structure is applied to a ceramic tile with a rubber spatula or a special grater. If the glazed tile is laid, it is better to use a rubber spatula to not damage the shiny and smooth surface.
During the applying of the grout, the tool must be kept in relation to the tile of ceramics at an angle of 30 degrees. The resulting mixture must be applied with short diagonal strokes in relation to the seam filled.
For a dense filling of the intercutor space, it is necessary to repeat the application procedure several times, with an effort rubbing and pressing the grout in the voids between the tiles.
The resulting residues of the mixture must be immediately removed by the spatula. The residues are discharged into the overall grouting mass, mixed and used as intended.
In order to find out how the selected grout color is suitable for the tile to the main coating, you need to choose a small plot of the lined surface and process the seams. If the color suits, you can start working throughout the area.
Otherwise, you should choose the desired tone of the grout, and the one that was used as an experimental until it grabbed, remove from the seams using any acute subject.
Cleaning the surface can be produced by a wet foam sponge in direction along the seam when the grout is already becoming a dense, elastic, but not solid, since it is at this stage of work that the main type of seam is formed. After all the places where the grouting makeup was caused, rubbed with a dry cloth, but not earlier in two hours to allow grout to harden.
It should be noted that the foam sponge should often wash off the residues of the grouts so that the seam was beautiful and high-quality.
Final stage in the grout of seams
After the excess solution is removed from the tile surface, and the grout in the seams grabbed, you need to align and smooth the seams. Depending on what type of seam you need, use a special construction launcher or a knob of a regular toothbrush. Seam can be convex or concave.
If it is required to perform a seam of a convex form, a construction framework will be required. To create a concave seam shape, you can use any subject that you can make a deepening in the interloctern space.
After the launching of a wet foam sponge hanging the edges, remove protrusions and reels.
The seams should be the same in shape and depth. If the tile is smooth, and its edges of the rectangular shape, the seams can be flat shape, flush with the top edge of the tile. After alignment of all seams, the surface is thoroughly cleaned with a wet sponge and is cleaned with a clean soft cloth. The residues of the solidified glue or latex are removed by an abrasive brush or special acid cleaners.
Proper formation of intercutric seams by grouting mixtures makes any surface impeccable. If this work is done with your own hands, it brings the owner not only the savings of financial resources, but also aesthetic pleasure.
A source: https://remoskop.ru/zatirka-shvov-keramicheskoj-plitki-video.html.
Grouting and extending seams of ceramic tile
24 hours after laying the tiles, you can start filling the seams using the grout for the seams of the desired color. Grouting of the seams of ceramic tile (fuging) is the final stage of the facing. It is necessary to rub the seams so that the dirt does not fall into them, excessive moisture, as well as for aesthetic effect.
For work on grouting seams, a special rapid spatula or any rubber spatula will be required. The grouting spatula allows you to quickly process large areas, while the conventional silicone or rubber finishing spatula will not work so quickly.
Before starting work, clean the seams from the garbage and the remnants of the tiled adhesive, pull out all the cross, make a slight moistening of interputric seams.
It is advisable to use not alone, but two thicker spatula - a large for work on the squares, and small for corners and other hard-to-reach places.
It is necessary to cook a sponge and an item that you will break the seams (delete an excess grout and form the seam). To this end, you can use stainless steel bricklayer or flexible decoupling for a tile.
How to rub the seams in a tale? The seams need to fill them well with their mixture and then wash the tile on time. The mixture is divorced in the bucket according to the instructions.
To begin with, we recruit a grogoral mixture to a spatula and with a force, press the grout in the seams between the tiles. The spatula must move under the tilt to the seam (towards you), otherwise it will be uncomfortable to rub.
Applying the extender, it is necessary to try, as closely to fill the intercutant seams, the decorative characteristics of the finishes at this stage of work should not be worried.
If the room is small (bathroom, toilet, etc.), you can first sweep all the seams, and then start to sink them and miss the tile. But note that the batteries and other "warm" places will dry out very quickly, and there you need to have time to decrease the seams, and the tile can be laundered and then. Especially thoroughly rub the mixture on the plots near the joints with the floor and in the inner corners.
After the first stage of the joints of the tile seams is completed, it is necessary to remove the excess grout from the surface of the tile, it is made by the same rubber grater. Movements must be carried out at a right angle to the surface of the tile, and at the same time at an angle to the seams, so as not to embroider the solution.
After the grout of the seams of ceramic tiles on the required area is made, you need to split them. We take the extender and gently extend. It is important not to miss the moment when the grout gets so much that it will be very difficult to adjust it or is impossible at all. The manufacturer usually indicates this time on the package.
Rehend to this work responsibly, allowing minor errors to spoil not only the decorative properties of the coating, but also reduce the performance characteristics, the extension will begin to crumble and cut the seams, cracking, etc.
After all the seams are embroidered, we take a sponge for the tile and warm the dust and the remnants of the grout from the tile.
When the tile is washed, wait until it dry, since after the first washing, it remains a thin layer of the grotype mixture. To remove it, you need to wipe the tiles with a dry sponge or cloth for the second time. Upon completion of this procedure, the tile will take the desired view.
Now it remains only to remove the garbage, rinse the tools, and the seams are ready.
With floor tiles of work on fogging of seams are carried out in a similar way, but the consumption of the mixture is usually obtained above.
The end of the joints of the tile seams does not mean that the coating is already ready for operation, this is especially true if the seams of the seams of the germ tile were revealed. It is necessary to find out in the manual, the time of complete drying of the mixture and not to expose the tiles during the period of this time.
Always thoroughly stir up and let us settle as much as indicated in the instructions. Use only clean dishes and clean construction containers and tools. Take a grout mixture with some reserve, but do not get much immediately.
Try not to cut the grout, otherwise it can crack in the seams, and you will have to rub again over (thin layer). Note that the price of some colors of the rapidly exceeds prices for the usual palette (2-3 times), pay attention to this when you purchase a mixture.
In order to prevent the formation of cracks, the seams of the adjoins between the walls and the floor must be filling out with an elastic silicone sealing mass, combined in color with grouting for seams of tiled cladding.
A source: https://www.eremont.ru/enc/remont/technology/zatirka-i-rasshivka-shvov-keramicheskoy-plitki.html.
Crop the laid tile can not be saved. You can improve the appearance using the grout, but only if you do it right. Unscracusively laid out the grout, on the contrary, can spoil the appearance of even very beautiful coverage. How to rub the seams on the tile cement and epoxy grout, how to do it right and will be discussed.
Type types for tiles, their properties
Before rubting the seams on the tile, you need to choose the type of composition. There are two types of grout formulations: based on cement and polymers based. Polymerics are polyurethane and based on epoxy resin. Epoxy cost a lot, but good core mixtures with small grain based on light (white or pink) cement are not less, and in operational characteristics are inferior to epoxy. But with epoxy to work harder. In the sense that you need to work quickly, immediately form seams and clean the surface - the term of "life" of the composition is small.
In grouts based on cement as a placeholder there is sand. It may be a different fraction and what it is smaller, the smaller width of the seam is permissible and the smoother turns out its surface. At the same time, the price of fine-grained cement rates above.
You need to take a grout with small grain to get a smoother seam. This is especially critical for floor tiles. Having worked in a rough surface fat or dirt delete difficult. Although, it is worthwhile that roughness when using cement rates still remains, there will be no ideal smoothness, even if you pelt and form seams immediately. The graininess remains - sand, though small, but there is. It will not work at all. Some grouts take place with lacquer, polyroloma for laminate, wax. But, if you summarize all these materials, the amount will be exactly no less than the cost of even very good epoxy grout.
If you need perfectly smooth seams, use a two-component grout for tiles. Epoxy resin is used as a hardener. If the composition is mixed correctly, the seam is obtained by nonhygroscopic (the liquid does not absorb), perfectly smooth. In addition, the composition does not change the color, it does not develop a fungus (with good ventilation). The only minus epoxy grout for interputric seams is very difficult to delete it. Only with the help of a diamond disk and an ushm.
Wash the seams on the tile in the bathroom or the kitchen with an epoxy composition, which is painted in any color. It can be used with porcelain stoneware, and with any type of ceramic tile, and with a mosaic. And the composition may be added glitters (sparkles).
When to rub the stitches on the tile
It is necessary to start starting the seams only after the tile glue is finally grabbed. The exact period is indicated on the glue packaging. It can be different - from 8 hours to 24 hours. So look exactly on the composition that used.
Sometimes they use the term "fuggling" of tiled seams. This is the same process, but in special terminology. Then the rapid composition is called "Fugue".
Before rubting the seams on the tile, consider all the remnants of the tiled glue from the tile itself. We remove everything too much from the seams. The remnants of glue, dust - we remove everything. When using epoxy grout, it is important that the seams are dry. Watch out for this. For cement compositions, moisture is not a hindrance (but not water in the seams).
Note. So that the grouting does not fall out and did not crack seam must be filled with a composition of at least 75% of the tile thickness . That is, if when laying glue squeezed in the seams, you will have to clean it. If the glue is reinforced, it is necessary to do this before it finally "gets up." Ideally - immediately after the surface is allowed to walk. This information is also on the package with glue, but approximately 6-8 hours after laying. At the same time better Remove all traces of tiled glue from the surface of the coating . After hardening with reinforced glue, it is impossible to cope. Only a grinding disc and an ush, and what it is fraught - you know. Even the usual tile glue through the day after laying is problematic. Therefore, do not forget to clean the surface after laying. And by the way, it is necessary to clean even more quickly. Especially polymer compositions.
How to rub the stitches on the tile cement grout
When working with cement compositions for grouting seams between tiles at hand, a bucket with water, clean rags, sponges. They are needed to remove the surplus from the tile and form the seam itself. To work it is better to have a rubber spatula of elastic rubber and one or two metal for applying composition on rubber.
Before losing the seams on the tile, the composition is bred by water. The exact dosage of water is indicated on the packaging and the technique is also described there, but it is usually necessary to mix in two stages. The first is the main mixing and re-in 5-6 minutes. Increase the amount of water to get a smoother seam - error technique. When the liquid diverse is drying, cracks may form, and the surface will not be smooth. There is no such possibility for cement rates.
How to apply grout on the tile
For work, small rubber spatulas are usually used. You can try plastic, but here as comfortable. Shutting technology in tiles such:
With cleaning you can not rush hard, but it is better not to delay. Frozen cement remove hard. It is easier to cope when it is still wet and the composition will crumble. We rub, clean rags, paper towels. You can finally wash the tile from the margins traces by adding vinegar into the water. And to remove the divorces, add a couple of spoons of sunflower oil into water.
How to achieve smooth seam
Smooth seams not only look better, but also cleaned easier. Therefore, while the rapid composition is not finally frozen, they are trying to chat, using any smooth subject:
- a piece of round wire;
- Round spatula;
- a spoon or fork with a narrow and rounded handle;
- Finger is dry or wet.
In general, any plastic or metal object is slightly rounded form or flat. You can try to a screwdriver if you need a flat seam. In general, here who is what is much. To lift the seams on the tile before smoothness, you need to catch the moment when the composition is reduced, but still remains elastic. Shavov alignment technology is: first along, across, and then align in the intersection. The glue outlined in the process is not removed - we can damage the seam. So we leave to filure an hour for 2-3 (but not more, then you can not remove), then take a rag, water and wash off.
The dried seams cover protective compositions - wax, varnish, polyrolla. Not the most fun occupation is crawling with a tassel on the floor. But even it does not save until the end. While the composition is not flushed, everything is fine. But gradually it is washed off, the dirt is fastened more and more in the seams, the seams are more active that faster shears protection. After about six months, the flap color on the seams changes.
Features epoxy grout
Epoxy grout differs in what consists of two components. One piece is packed in a bucket and looks like a thick dough. The second component is a hardener - liquid, usually, amber color. It is packed in a polyethylene or plastic bottle. Before use, these two components must be mixed. And the proportions must be performed very accurately. Otherwise, either the composition will very quickly freeze (with a large number of hardener) and you will not have time to "work out", or does not harden at all (if it is not enough). Equally important to mix well, having achieved homogeneous composition. The poorly mixed epoxy grout also does not frozen or grabbed lumps.
How to rub the stitches on a tile of two-component grout: Measure and mix
Most questions occur on the kneading polymer grout in parts. As already talked, it is sold in buckets. There are packages of 1 kg, 2 or 2.5 kg, 5 kg. The viability time of the composition is very small - declared about 40-60 minutes. As usual, we are twice as smaller (so that you probably did not grab). Without the experience of a kilogram, and even half a kilogram, it will not work out for 20-30 minutes, but after this time it turns into a stone.
Beginners really need to start with 250 grams. How to knead such a small portion and not disturb the proportion? Using conventional kitchen electronic scales. The truth is desirable that these are electronic scales and they have a high class of accuracy (permissible error - 1 gram). That is, we will mix epoxy grout on mass fractions.
To be confident in the correctness of proportions, weigh the "dough" and hardener. The main component weigh without packing, hardener in the package. We take into account that several grams go on packaging. We write the exact weight. For example, 1000 g and 80 g. We need to get about 250 GR composition. So it is necessary to mix 1/4 of each component. We act like this:
- We take plastic dishes, put on the scales. If you know how to reset its weight, if not, just write down how much weighs.
- We post the main component - exactly 250 gr. Try no more and no less. Without a hardener, it is plastic and easy to lay out the exact amount. The remaining "dough" is returned to the bucket, cover the lid tightly.
- Add 1/4 part of the hardener. From 80 g This will be 20 grams. Again there must be exactly 20 grams.
- We take the metal non-cheat and thoroughly, to the homogeneity, wash the composition. It takes about 2 minutes.
On this you need to quickly start work. You did not forget that before rubbing the seams on the tile, they need to be cleaned and dried. It must be done before Zames.
How to form seam from epoxy grout
To work with epoxy groutows there is a special tool - a grater with elastic edges, white felt for removing residues (you can use a rigid fabric), a cellulose sponge. The grater is convenient to work, but it costs quite a lot. If the floor area covered with tiles, solid, perhaps it is worth scoring. If it is only a few square meters, it is possible to cope with the rubber / plastic spatula.
The application itself does not differ anything. Quickly fill the seam in the transverse direction, remove the remnants, but not longitudinally, but at an angle. When using a rubber grater, the composition is removed carefully in the process. So the composition is saved. After we have developed a mixed part, remove the surplus from the tile. The residues of the composition from the tile to erase first with a dry rigid cloth (ideally white felt), then a soft cloth.
Then, you need to form seam. Manufacturers recommend a special cellulose sponge (sold there, where it is grouting), because traces remain from the usual. The coating, and the grout is not cheap, and there is no sense to save on the sponge. Range with sponge with circular motions or mastrap. Along the seam, try not to lead - you will wash out the composition. The seam should be on the same level with tiles or porcelain stoneware (maybe below, if you want so much). Polishing and forming seams, too do not press - if dents are formed, they will remain. Adding a thin layer is useless. He peers. You can only clean it all and fill in a new one. This is the complexity of working with epoxy grout. All these works should take less time than the deadline until the staff is hardening. So we work quickly.
After working with a sponge on the tile remains water. Epoxy grout dissolved in water. If you do not remove it, the divorces will remain after drying and we will have to wash everything. For the final cleansing of the plaque, which remains on the surface, use a special wash. It makes sense to buy together with the grout of the same company.
There is a way without finishing closure. That water that remains after washed, it is necessary to remove with a soft cloth from the surface. She removes not only water, but also the remnants of epoxy grout. But when you wipe the tile, make sure that the fabric does not "flasher" on the seams. It is impossible to touch them.
As usual, it is possible to solve which grouting - it is only half. Choose the manufacturer is also very important. In general, it can be said that manufacturers are the same to produce tile glue. Usually there is a whole line for laying and grouting tiles. If you have arranged the quality of the tiled adhesive, you can look at the same company in the same company.
For example, MAPEI (Mapey), Litokol (Liocol), Ceresit (Cerezit). From Russian normal reviews at ATLAS (Atlas). As a rule, any of these firms have polymer and cement clouds. And not one, but for various conditions. There are for shower with elevated water resistance, frost-resistant. If we are talking about polymer, then they are with the possibility of adding glitters (sequin).
The final stage of work on the installation of tiles - stood the seams. It is the grout protects the base from moisture ingress, gives the finish a neat, completed species, emphasizes the color and texture of ceramic tiles. From how to heal the seams on the tile on the floor or on the wall, not only the appearance of the room, but also the time of the coating service in general is depends.
What is grouting for tiles
Grout is a special composition, which is a paste or powder, based on white or gray cement, polymers, from which the technological properties of the grout, as well as various pigments responsible for the shadow of the seams.
Many believe that the main function of the grout is decorative, but it is far from that. Since the grout is often used in wet premises, it is important that antifungal biocides and water-powered components.
If the grout is chosen correctly, it not only performs a decorative function, but prevents moisture and dust from entering tile seams, and also warns the development of mold and other pathogens of microorganisms. Grout allows you to strengthen the tile, without it, the coating will soon begin separating from the walls, requiring repairs.
Such a phenomenon, each of us could be observed, for example, in the entrances of new buildings, where in a year or two, cosmetic repairs are required again with the replacement of the sprawled elements.
That is why when choosing grouting, the first violin plays the quality. The poor-quality mixture will not save you from mold, which is easy to start in the seams, especially if we are talking about the bathroom, where the elevated humidity and stagnation of warm air create all the conditions for the development of microflora.
Solded in the seams between the tiles mold is extremely difficult to remove. She looks ugly, and her disputes harm human health.
It is important to remember that the value of the grout is made up of the quality of individual components, each of which affects the aesthetic and functional properties of intercutric seams during the entire period of operation.
This all suggests that even such, it would seem, the little things, like grout, cannot be saved, otherwise you need to be ready to renovate after 2-3 years.
When to rub the stitches on the tile
At the very beginning, the question is brewing: when and why you need to rub the stitches on the tile? You need to understand this in order. The seams are the space between fragments of cladding on the junction. Stacking technology is predetermined standards and norms to be navigable during the installation process of the tile.
It is recommended to leave the space between the elements on average from 2 to 5 mm. The more tile - the wider there may be seams.
- This is done for several reasons:
- In the process of shrinkage of walls, the tile may be slightly shifted, so she needs to leave space for movement.
- The wall "breathes" through these slots in the facing.
- Grout protects the walls in the bathroom from the penetration of excessive moisture, if this is not done, in the seams sooner or later fungus and mold is formed, and the situation will be aggravated by the dirt dried in the joints.
- Statting of seams improves grip between fragments.
- Plays a specific decorative role. Neat and even seams look pretty aesthetically and masked the residues of the solution and small defects along the edges of the tile, for example, chips and jar.
From how you close the seams between the tile depends, how long the coating will be in suitable condition.
How to fasten the seams on the tile
Grouting seams on the tile on the floor - the final stage of repair, and the final result depends on the quality of it. In this case, this procedure is quite simple, and it can be performed quite independently, without the help of professionals.
However, in the arsenal of professional finishes there are useful tips that will help properly prepare the tile, choose materials for grouting and fill the seams. Prepare everything you need.
- Tools that need is:
- mix for grout;
- mixing capacity;
- water (with t in the region of 5-20 degrees);
- Brush (more convenient if its bristles are soft);
- sponge or rag;
- rubber spatula;
- Corn / Special nozzle;
- A tool with a rigid end, with which it is convenient to clean the residues of the solid solution (a screwdriver is suitable).
After collecting the necessary equipment, proceed to the preparatory work. Sleep the remnants of tile glue and garbage with a screwdriver. After half an hour after the styling ended, remove the remnants of the glue, so that the material did not have time to become very solid.
Wipe the seams with a cloth, especially thoroughly walking along the cheated ends. Thanks to this, the grout subsequently will be quickly distributed and it is more reliable to connect with tiles. This prepared part is completed.
The result of all work depends on the quality of the preparation of a dry mixture. The main thing is to strictly follow the instructions given by the manufacturer on the packaging of the mixture.
- It is better to act in such a sequence:
- Add a mixture to water T 5 - 20 degrees in the desired quantity, mix thoroughly (add a mass into water, and not water into the mixture; to thoroughly mix a small amount of solution; use a simple whisk, but if you need to cook a lot of grouts, a special nozzle is suitable ).
- After careful mixing and achieving a homogeneous consistency, let weight relax a few minutes (the grout consistency will resemble the sour cream of medium density).
- If the mixture turned out to be thicker than, add water; If the mass is very liquid, poucher another dry solution.
The best form for mixing will be an oval deep bowl (pelvis, bucket) from plastic. You do not need to pour the whole mixture into the water, if you wear the seams for the first time - make polonium mass or even less.
Slip seams vertically and mentally divide the wall to the blocks - so it will be easier for you to work. Use a simple rubber spatula.
- The whole process consists of the following parts:
- Application of grouts on the instrument and its neat distribution between the squares of the tile (apply a small amount, slightly indulging in the floor);
- periodic removal of excess mixtures;
- Wipes wet tile sponge as the mixture is incomplete drying (every half hour).
If you have a glazed tile, you can almost immediately go to the grout. With a tight tile, first moisten the side and the top of every piece of the tile, so that the tile does not "take" moisture from the cooked grout.
Moisten the surface can be conventional sprayer. However, this question needs a measure. Excessive moisturizing will lead to the fact that water can harm the grout and contributes to her cracking.
How to sweep the seams on the tile on the wall
During operation, be sure to use rubber gloves, respirator and safety glasses.
- Operating procedure:
- Depending on the type of grout used, open the bucket with the finished grout or add the liquid component into the dry mixture (the hardenifier for epoxy grout and water or water-based silicone for cement rates). Consistency of grouting must resemble a toothpaste.
- Remove crossbars and any extraneous elements from tile seams.
- Fill the seam space by grouting. This uses a special rubber spatula. Pretty the seams on the square are not more than one square meter. It is better to rub the seams first in the direction from top to bottom, and then left to right - the professionals usually work. The denser you fill in the seams - the stronger the tile will hold.
- Clean the seams from the surplus grout. The faster you do it - the easier it will be removed.
- Gradually move on along the entire area of the room.
As the grout is dried, the remnants of the grouts on the tile can be wiped with a cloth. Epoxy grout is easier to flush with warm water with a small concentration of detergent.
Of course, the process of laying tiles is time-consuming and very troublesome. However, laying the tile on its own, you have the opportunity to save significantly, because the cost of work on the tile laying is sometimes higher than the cost of consumables.
Perhaps you do not go smoothly from the first time, but it is not necessary to fear difficulties. The main thing is to follow the instructions in everything.
How to rub the stitches on the tile on the floor
In the process of grouting, you can very much use a small elastic rubber spatula 6-8 cm in thickness. But before starting work, the seams should be carefully cleansed. There is quite suitable ordinary, sharply sharpened awl.
Be careful and do not damage the glaze to the solid edge of the tool. You can also take special sets designed just for cleaning and grouting seams.
After cleaning, the intercine spaces need to be thoroughly rinsed with a sponge dipped in water. After making sure that there is no left of the glue glue, you can breed the mixture.
As a rule, 0.4-0.6 kg of grout is sufficient. We divor all this in a small amount of water using a painting mixer, it will take a long time. When you get the consistency of the rustic sour cream, you should wait 5 minutes, mix thoroughly - and the composition is ready!
Immediately before the grout, you can once again moisten the seams on the surface with an area of 1-1.5 sq.m. Now go back.
15-20 minutes enough to handle 2-3 square meters. After that, a wet, and not a wet sponge carefully go through each of the seams. In this case, they turn out smooth, even, equal depth and width. Remember that ideal seams are always slightly recessed relative to the plane of the tile itself, which emphasizes its geometry.
You can form the seam using a special spatula, which is a piece of a dense rubber cord. Although the segment of a conventional white antenna cable, a circular handle of a spatula, plastic lighter, etc. Such options are suitable, if the edges of the tile are smooth, and it is fixed correctly.
If the edge of the tile is sharp or the glaze on the edges is uneven - grouting with a similar spatula can spoil the whole picture, because the seams are deep, and the sharp edge of the tile becomes visible. Here you should use a sponge. Ideal seams, in any case, can be achieved, but I must say that this work is not from the lungs, and requires special skills.
After the grout, it is necessary for 10-12 hours to make the composition hardened, then all the tile must be washed with a sponge, removing the excess composition from the surface. When the tile gets up, the soft cloth is worth thoroughly wipe it again. If you do everything right and carefully, then you look at your floor will be simply amazing.
Putting the seams tiles in the bathroom with their own hands
It seems to many that grouting is very easy - it is worth the composition in the seams, remove the surplus and everything, the work is made. However, in the process of sealing, the technical nuances often arise, on which the final result depends. We will try to decompose the finishing stage on the shelves and reveal the tricky and complex moments of such a responsible process.
- Step # 1 - prepare tools and materials.
Plus self finish in the fact that you do not need to buy an expensive tool and material. Everything is relatively cheap and sold in building supermarkets.
- So, it will take for work:
- a set of rubber spatulas for applying a clutter solution and distribution of it on the seams;
- several buckets or special tanks for kneading a solution;
- Construction knife and painting brush for cleaning intercutric seams;
- Several household sponges for wet cleaning;
- Protective accessories - mask and rubber gloves (for aggressive solutions).
Since the process will last long, tools and fixtures are better to prepare in advance.
The knife for stripping seams is different from the usual kitchen or stationery knife: the handle is at an angle to the blade, which facilitates the workflow. Also, a large amount of clean water is also necessary - this is not a problem for the bathroom, if the water supply is not blocked due to construction work.
Materials will require a ready-made grout in banks or a dry mix for the preparation of a solution, which is usually sold in small packages.
Plottels for applying and plugging of the griming solution differ from the metal tool for plastering walls: they are made of elastic rubber, which is convenient to distribute the composition on the seam, without damaging the tile integrity.
- Step # 2 - Preparation of seams and mortar.
After the glue is finally reduced (time can be different - from 8 hours to 2 days), you can prepare the working surface and breed a dry mixture with water if you did not acquire the finished solution.
The slots between adjacent tiles must be completely cleansed from the remnants of glue with a knife, and then reciprocating small fragments and dust by painting brush. The cleaner will be the surface being processed, the greater the rapid solution will fall and the stronger "concludes" with the edges of the tile and the wall.
After the glue is finally reduced (time can be different - from 8 hours to 2 days), you can prepare the working surface and breed a dry mixture with water if you did not acquire the finished solution.
The slots between adjacent tiles must be completely cleansed from the remnants of glue with a knife, and then reciprocating small fragments and dust by painting brush. The cleaner will be the surface being processed, the greater the rapid solution will fall and the stronger "concludes" with the edges of the tile and the wall.
Before rubbing the seams on the ceramic tiles, prepare the solution. We take clean capacity, pour a warm water there (20-25ºС), we fall asleep dry mixture from the pack and thoroughly stirred.
If there is no special mixer nozzle on the drill, the usual wooden wand is suitable. The main thing is that there were no lumps in the solution. After preparation, the mixture should immediately begin the process of application.
- Step # 3 - Application of grouts.
At this stage, inexperienced home "Tilenits" admit a little oversight: they begin to fill the seams between the tiles "on the dry". Professionals are recommended before applying the composition to moisten the seam for better adhesion. Water is applied with painting brush, better round, large sponge or sponge.
It is possible to progress and instead of water use antiseptic primer to prevent the fungus or mold.
If you decide to moisturize the suture space of the primer, do not buy a special composition for this purpose. The solution is perfect for the preparation of walls under the tile.
When applying a solution, pay attention to the movement of the spatula - they must go perpendicular to the seam. The grout should be applied quickly, but neatly, slightly indulging inwards so that it fill in all the suture space. You can spend the sharp end of the spatula along the line of application and get along with transverse strokes again.
In order to inside the interpatch seam, there is no empty, the smears must be tightly overlapping one on another, especially carefully - in the places of lines intersections.
- Step # 4 - Dry and wet cleaning.
Even with a very accurate application of the composition at the edges of the tile, divorces remain and traces. How to rub the tile, leaving the minimum of tracks? Even during the processing of the seams, it is possible to remove excessive: after several transverse strokes, it is possible to carry out a spatula along, collecting an excess solution.
Then, even before the moment of complete drying, you should take a dry cloth or a wet sponge and thoroughly erase the residues of the solution.
However, be careful: when pressing the sponge, the grouts can be squeezed out of the seam, so use only transverse movements.
The wet sponge is preferable for another reason: removing the excess solution, it smoothes the seams, makes them smooth and aesthetically attractive. During operation, you should not be distracted, because the raw mixture dries quickly, and it is quite difficult to remove it in the dried state.
Get ready for the fact that after the first cleaning you will have to quickly wipe the entire tile with a damp rag - marks of grouting, especially plaster, very stable.
How to breed grout for tile
As a grout, most often use the finished mixture in the form of a dry powder, which can be bought in any construction supermarket. It is very important to make the grout properly, because only in this case you can guarantee an excellent result.
The grout for seams is quickly frozen, and it is not recommended to dissolve it with water - it has already lost all its properties, such as elasticity, strength, waterproofability. Therefore, it makes no sense to breed the entire package with the grout. It is better to measure a small amount, which is enough for 10-15 minutes of work.
The grout is bred in a small container, from where it is convenient to dial with a spatula. Ideally, this is a shallow plastic bowl. The order of breeding is such - first the required amount of water is poured into a bowl, and then the mixture itself. Not vice versa.
The amount of water to add to the grout depends on the brand of the mixture and the specific manufacturer. Each package has a detailed instruction with all the calculations.
The mixture for the grout must be mixed thoroughly so that there are no lumps, and it has been homogeneous, smooth and elastic. To do this, you can use a regular trowel, if you work manually, or a special nozzle on a drill, if there is a desire to automate the process.
After breeding water and thoroughly mixing, the grout is far from being ready for operation. It is necessary to give it about five minutes for swelling and complete dissolution, and then thoroughly mix the mass again. After this can be processed directly to operation, that is, to filling the seams by this mixture.
Of course, to get the desired result, the seams must be prepared properly in advance. The main thing is that there is nothing superfluous - garbage, dust, dirt or greasy spots.
In addition, it is desirable to wipe the seams with a wet rag or a sponge. If the seams are too dry, they will quickly stretch out of the grouting all moisture, the process of natural solidification will pass faster than the deadline and as a result, the strength of the seams will be not as high as we would like.
How to apply grout for seams tile
- How to apply grout on tile:
- Clean the seams from dirt and dust, degrease and treat the antifungal agent.
- With brushes, wet seams with water for better clutch with the material.
- Divide a small amount of mastic.
- Apply the elastic mixture with a rubber spatula directly to the seam itself, the rambling it inside so that no emptiness remains.
- Surplus remove with a spatula.
- When the mass gets up, slightly moisten it with water so that it does not crack.
- The jokes of the tile with a bath or a tabletop where the plinth will run, it is better to close the silicone sealant. It will provide one hundred percent protection against water flow and forming fungus along the wall.
Grouting seams between tiles on the walls and on the floor has some differences. The direction of work in the vertical plane is made from top to bottom. The sealant is applied last.
It is convenient to work with it, as the tube has a special narrow nozzle. If you work on the floor, you need to move from a long corner to the exit, as well as when laying the tile itself.
How much dripping for seams
Grout dry pretty quickly. Already in ten or twelve hours after applying, it hardens and it will be possible to remove excess grouts from the tile. It is done very simply with a damp cloth or a foam sponge.
At the end of the work, you can protect the seams from contamination, fading and other adverse factors. This is especially true for bathrooms and kitchens, that is, all those rooms where the load on the tile can be quite intense.
As defense, it is used specifically designed for this primer, which can be purchased in the store along with the grout itself. Apply it on the seams after complete drying and hardening the grouts with a thin brush.
Grout for tiles in the bathroom What to choose
In order to correct the seams on the tile, and in the process there was no extra problem. It is important to choose the appropriate mixture. This nuance is not less valid than the process itself.
- Selecting material need to focus on such criteria:
- Colour. Perhaps this item is fundamental to most people. It is from the color of the grout in many respects the appearance of the finished coating. Universal is considered white. If you want the surface to look a single monolith, you need to pick up the tint suitable under the tile.
- Composition and properties. Mixes for grouting seams on a tile may contain materials such as plaster, alabaster, portland cement, epoxy resins, etc. Depending on the composition, the properties of the mixture change. The optimal option is the epoxy mixture.
- Purpose. Standard grout is designed to handle wall seams between tiles. At the same time, it still flashes over time and requires updating. It is better to use a more chain mixture on the floor, as the tile is constantly being loaded and contact with shoes and other objects. That is, the loose structure in this case is categorically not suitable.
- The varieties of grouting mixtures and their purpose:
- Cement - as follows from the name, they consist of white or gray cement in combination with polymers and pigments. A cement grout before starting work should be diluted with water or latex mixture in the proportions specified on the package, and thoroughly stirre a mixer drill with a special nozzle. This will help achieve color homogeneity and texture.
- Silicone grouts have a much broader scope of application, in particular they can be used to treat deformed and water-resistant seams, as well as to seal the joints between tiles and plumbing in the bathroom.
- Epoxy grouts differ in durability, resistant to moisture and ultraviolet. Usually this type of material is used in rooms with high humidity and mechanical load: paired, pools, etc. Their characteristics can be attributed to the high cost and the fact that certain professional skills are required to work with them.
Silicone grout for seams tiles in the bathroom
Silicone grouts are often used to handle seams and joints of ceramic tiles. The processing of seams in this way increases the water-permeability of the seams and prevents the formation of mold and fungus.
Works are carried out using a special pistol with a finished composition, which greatly facilitates the processing process of seams.
It has simplicity in use, so even a newcomer can work with it. Thanks to the correct consistency, the solution does not spread, which allows you to carefully apply grout even into hard-to-reach places. The main minus is instability to moisture, which can cause the formation of mold and fungi.
Therefore, the grout on a silicone basis is not recommended to use for places that are often exposed to moisture (there is a frequent wet cleaning here).
Grout for seams tiles in the bathroom moisture resistant
Moisture-resistant grout for tiles - an environmentally friendly mixture. Its use eliminates the occurrence of unpleasant odor during operation, reproduction of microorganisms, as it ensures a high level of protection against moisture.
- Properly selected grout gives the following advantages:
- The wall looks like a single integer;
- The irregularities and defects of the edges of the tile are hidden;
- Less pronounced seams between tiles.
- A distinctive feature of epoxy grout that protects from moisture is:
- High resistance to chemical and mechanical effects;
- protection of moisture penetration in the seams between tiles;
- Resistance to low temperatures.
For the bathroom or shower optimal choice - grout on an epoxy-resin basis.
- The main advantages of the material:
- Environmental purity and harmless to human health;
- No unpleasant odor;
- Long service life.
Cement grouts to ensure moisture resistance of the facing must be covered with special varnish.
Elastic grout for seams tile
It is convenient to use due to the elasticity of the composition. This property allows you to fill the entire seam without voids. It has excellent resistance to moisture and temperature drops. Latex grouts can be used in any rooms. A huge plus is a large selection of colors and an acceptable price.
Consider the elastic waterproof grout for seams Ceresit CE 40, graphite 16, 2kg.
A mixture of Ceresit CE 40 is designed for grouting seams of ceramic, glass facing, as well as cladding from artificial and natural stone, including marble, when working on horizontal and vertical surfaces. Due to the high degree of hydrophobicity of the grout (the effect of Aquastatic), water drops roll off surface, not penetrating into its structure.
This property makes it possible to use grouts in places subject to intense periodic water exposure (showers, bathrooms, kitchens, pools inside buildings, etc.).
Grout can be applied when performing internal and outdoor work. Effective in cladding performed on deformable bases: heated floors, chip and drywall plates.
Deformational seams in cladding and places of adjoining plumbing equipment to the facing must be filled with sealant Ceresit CS 25.Producing country:
Mixture of cement with mineral fillers and organic modifiers.
Color tile grout in the bathroom
The grout color is selected based on the tile color. Cement grout can be both natural gray and any other color, from white to black, depending on the color pigment used. If you could not find the necessary shade of the finished mixture, you can create it yourself, purchasing a white grout and color kel to it.
The choice of epoxy grout is significantly wider, but it is impossible to paint on an epoxy basis independently. Thanks to the addition of brilliant components, manufacturers were able to achieve the effect of gold, silver, bronze, metallic. The range is really impressive.
- When choosing a grout color, you must be guided by two simple rules:
- Dark and contrast grout should only be used if you are sure that the tile lies perfectly. The fact is that such oppression of colors emphasizes the drawing of the tile laying.
- If during the stacking tiles there were some errors, it is better to use a light grout. In this case, the darker color of the tile will visually hide the existing irregularities.
- In the event that you use a combination of several colors in a bathroom decor or decided to buy a mosaic tile, a clear grout is perfect. It is made on the basis of glass and perfect for the grout of the seams of artistic and glass mosaic.
Best grout for tiles in the bathroom rating
The proper life of the tile depends largely also from the manufacturer's company. Better to trust proven manufacturers.
- Among the most popular manufacturers, the rates on the Russian market should be noted:
- Ceresit (cement-based mixtures, single-component silicone grouts, two-component grouts);
- Atlas (mixtures on cement and epoxy basis);
- Weber Vetonit (cement-based mixtures);
- UNIS (cement-based mixtures);
- Litochrome (cement-based mixtures and two-component epoxy mixtures);
- KNAUF (cement-based mixtures).
The high quality of the manufacturer's products does not guarantee you a reliable result in case you do not carefully follow the instructions.
Tools for grouting seams tile
- To perform work, a rather modest list of tools and auxiliary materials will be needed:
- Capacity for solution;
- small rubber spatula;
- foam sponge;
- Construction mixer.
Since it is necessary to breed a grout for the tile, you need a small container. The mixer is used only when the harvesting of a large amount of mass, in other cases you can achieve homogeneity, which is permanent by it with a trowel or spatula.
After some time, any composition changes its color due to various types of pollution. The darkened seams look ugly, so periodically you need to clean them. In some cases, ordinary household chemicals will help to cope with the removal of dirt.
In specialized stores it is easy to find a specially designed tool. For example, you can use the spray-bleach. In our time, there are painting markers for grouting. They will help to update the color and even disguise small irregularities and defects.
To make a grout, the primordial view can be used by home methods. To do this, you will need a toothbrush, soda and vinegar. On the seam you need to pour out soda, and then mix the vinegar. Next, a toothbrush need to remove contamination.
Vinegar can also be cleaned by the surface of the tile itself from the limescale. In the running places should be resorted to radical methods and apply a new grouting layer over the old layer.
You can apply the extended. To begin with, using any solid subject (screwdriver, for example), as far as the old composition is removed. Then you should clean the seams from dust and mix a little with water. Then you need to apply a new layer of solution.
First, the composition is applied to horizontal, and then - on vertical seams. In order to not repeat this time-consuming procedure in the future, it is necessary to apply a water-repellent composition on the seams. For example, use waterproof polyurethane varnish. This will take quite a lot of time, but in the future it will save you from the labor-intensive cleaning process.
Spatula for grouting seams tile
For the wiping of the seams, a rubber spatula will be required. Some are capable of a conventional metal tool. However, with its help, the seams are filled between tiles not so high quality. In addition, this tool increases the risk of mechanical damage to the gloss tile.
Maximum for which it is needed - to remove dried glue from the seams. But with this task will be able to cope with a rigid brush with plastic bristle (for cleaning carpets). After performing the main work, a wet rag, or a sponge, and a bucket with water will be needed.
The spatula for grouting seams is a specialized device, the configuration of which is designed in such a way that this operation can be done quickly and efficiently.
The main difference from the painting analogue is a large length, so working with it is easier and faster. It is completed with a plastic or wooden handle, which has a relatively low weight, which also allows you to significantly simplify work.
Sponge for grouting seams in tile
To make a tile joints beautifully and without excess time, consider the type of tool and the types of porous material used by grouting the surface of the seams of ceramic facing by various types of mixtures.
- By appointment, the rapid sponge is divided into the following main groups:
- To work with grouts based on cement and polyurethane;
- For the arrangement of seams filled with epoxy resins-based mixtures.
The grouts based on cement and polyurethane do not have a rapid destructive effect on the sponge, are easily laundered with water, therefore, to form the surfaces of the seams, a burning tool from synthetic material, foam rubber is used.
For the design of the joints with compositions on an epoxy basis, a more qualification tool is required, since the clots of such a grout are removed harder to cement-based adhesives. In addition, the formation of the surface of the joints and the final cleaning of the tile after the rough removal of excess glue is made using solvents that destroy the synthetic.
Pricing for grouting seams tile
The price of filling seams cement grout (floor, steps wall):
|Name of works||Units. change||price, rub.|
|Filling the seams of tiles cement grout: walls||m²||From 200.|
|Filling cement grout tile seams: Paul||m²||from 300.|
|Cement grout of steps||MP||from 500.|
|Filling seams of tile cement grouting of several colors||m²||from 600.|
|Filling seams Tile cement grout Apron from tiles in the kitchen||PC..||from 3000.|
|Filling seams cement grout mosaic||m²||from 800.|
|Mosaic grout - steps||MP||from 700.|
|Grouting of a shower pallet||PC.||from 3,000|
Plugs price of seams with epoxy grout tile (floor, steps wall):
|Name of works||Units. change||price, rub.|
|Filling the seams of epoxy tile grout: walls||m²||from 500.|
|Filling the seams of epoxy grout tile: floor||m²||from 600.|
|Epoxy stood steps||MP||from 700.|
|Filling the seams of tiles with transparent two-component grout||m²||from 850.|
|Filling seams Tile epoxy grout Apron from tiles in the kitchen||PC..||from 5000.|
|Filling seams by epoxy grout mosaic||m²||from 1 500|
|Mosaic stamps: Paul||m²||from 1 800.|
|Decorative seam (plinth)||MP||from 400.|
|Mosaic grout - steps||MP||from 1,000|
|Grouting of a shower pallet||PC.||from 3,000|
Protection of seams tiles after grouting
So that the seams did not lose their original appearance, after the tile in the bathroom is laid, it is necessary not only to take it high quality, but also be sure to cover special protection. The impregnations not only increase the water resistance of the seams, but also prevent the formation of heights, mold and fungus.
Creates a thin protective surface layer, with coarse external exposure can collapse. Polymer lacquer for seams. Creates a stronger protective layer. Varnish penetrates the depth of the grout and strengthened in its base. Moisture, falling on the stacked seam, does not absorb, and is going to drops.
Acrylic and silicone sealant. It is used mainly to protect the most vulnerable places - vertical and horizontal seams in the inner corners of the room and at the junctions of tiles with plumbing equipment, washbasin and bathroom.Examples of funds needed to care, protect and rejuvenate intercutric seams.
The protective composition is applied using a thin brush, exactly by seam. Try that the impregnation does not hit the tile edge, otherwise the bathroom tiles can be poisoned and lose its original attractiveness.
Therefore, the edges of the tile better protect the painting ribbon. Since the first appointment of the seams absorb the protective composition, it must be applied twice - the second time no earlier than in a day. Water and dirt-repellent protection is formed during the day, after the means dried.
Impregnation for grouting seams tile
To create a coating resistant to the effects of water and cleaning agents, the occurrence of darkens, pollution and fungal formations, it is necessary to make additional impregnation of the seams with special compositions with hydrophobic properties.
- Impregnation for seams has the following qualities:
- provides a hydrophobic coating (relevant when processing tiles in the bathroom);
- prevents surface pollution;
- It has antifungal action.
- For such treatment most often used:
- Hydropobicators, which, thanks to liquid consistency, are easily applied on the seams with a thin bruster.
- Polymer varnish capable of penetrating grouting (up to base).
- Sealants based on silicones or acrylic, which are used mainly in the most vulnerable places: in the corners of the bathroom or on the jacks of the bath (soul) and tiles.
Now there are protective coatings on sale that do not create a "glass" layer and not affecting the vapor permeability of the treated surface.
Two-component compositions are also widely used, which, when drying, have high strength, durability and tightness. When the seams are grouting with such solutions, the need for additional impregnation disappears.
Apply impregnation is recommended no earlier than 7 days after performing the sutures of the seams so that the surface is absolutely dry. In rare cases, impregnation is capable of changing the color of the grout, so to avoid unpleasant surprises, it is better to spend test processing on a hidden area.
Lacques for grouting seams tile
In case the ceramics in the bathroom has porosity, it will be irrational to use compositions from epoxide and cement. Thus, you just spoil the facing material. The best grout for porous jacks will be lacquered for tiles.
After coating the porous surface, the protective layer of varnish is formed thin, but a strong film, which is practically invisible. It protects against moisture, pollution and chemical elements. Passage for rubbing tile coating, applied in decopter finishing with paper, because these parts also need to be protected from moisture.
Tile seams are better covering with colorless varnish. The finish of this species penetrates the depth of the material and strengthens its base. When water falls on a protected surface, it does not absorb the material, but is going to drop.
Restoration of seams tiles in the bathroom
Replacing the old grout is the most time-consuming, but efficient and reliable way to update the interior of the bathroom. To do this, you will have to remove the old grout, after which the seams are made of fresh makeup. This is a simple, but a rather laborious process that consists of several stages.On a note:
If the seams are slightly "drowning" (that is, there is a gap between their surface and the tile at least in half a million), and the old solution holds hard enough, you can do without removing it and apply a thin layer of grouts from above.
It is necessary to remove the old grout to be removed - for this convenient to use a special tool called the seams. You can take a regular spatula or another tool, but it should be very careful to work so as not to damage the edges of the tile. If the tile has a embossed surface, it is best to protect its surface with a painting ribbon.
Most often, the old grout is easily removed, but in some cases (especially if the composition based on cement was used), you will have to apply a special acid cleaner: for example, PUFAS CEMENT-EX or Litoclean Plus. It is applied by a thin tassel on the seams, after which they give the composition to dry, and the softened grout is removed very easily.
Do not worry due to the fact that the acidic cleaner will fall on the surface of the tile. For the tile, it is absolutely harmless, but for the body can be dangerous, so you need to take care of the protection of the skin and mucous membranes.
So that in the depths of the seams there is no small garbage and crumbs, you should walk along the surfaces of the usual vacuum cleaner. After that, rinse the seams by the usual detergent (non-aggressive) and leave dry. If necessary, the mixture can be prepared for the renewal of the seams with your own hands, but its technical characteristics will be worse than that of the factory.
If the seam between the tiles is not too wide (less than 1.5 mm), you can mix portland cement with special plasticizers who are sold in specialized stores, and for seams of more than 1.5 mm wide, a solution of portland cement with sand (proportions 1 to 1) is suitable.
- To apply a new grout on peeled and treated seams, the following tools will be needed:
- Perforator with a special nozzle for mixing solutions;
- rapid grater;
- Rubber spatula;
- Sponge and rag.
Breaks the mixture most often with water, sometimes - liquid latex (this is indicated in the manufacturer's instructions). Before performing the work, the room should be well ventilated to reduce the humidity to a minimum, and the seam grout process itself is as follows.Important:
If the seams are well cleaned from the old grout and deep enough, you can immediately begin to apply a new composition. Otherwise, it is recommended to pre-process the seams with a special primer (for example, Ceresit CT 99).
In order for the fresh seams to save an attractive view as long as possible, it is necessary not only to choose and put the grout, but also protect it from negative factors. To do this, are used by special compositions that have several species.
Apply a protective impregnation is recommended no earlier than a week after laying a new grout. The surface must be absolutely dry, so it is pre-needed to ventilate well. The impregnation is applied with a thin brush, exactly by seam - if the composition falls on the tile, it can lose aesthetic look.
The optimal option is to protect the tile by painting tape. The solution should be applied in two layers (the first is completely absorbed into the seams) with an interval of at least 24 hours.
In order for the tiled grout as long as possible an attractive look, the correct care for the linked surface is important. Approximately once a month of the seams need to be well cleaned from fat, soap and lime plates, as well as ensure good ventilation of the room and regularly check communications for leakage.
How to replace the grout between tiles in the bathroom
Sometimes there are such situations when the initial grout acquires with time not a very presentable appearance, somewhere is poured and offended by the seams. What to do? There are two options - either partially sweep the problem areas, or do everything anew better and modern mixture.
Of course, it is still easier to restore the dying sites if the grout remained, which you used last time. But if not, then rewar everything again.
At the same time, the most laborious and responsible part of this event will be cleaning the old grout. To be honest, such a job should be imposed on a professional tiler, because when self-cleaning, you probably damage the glazed edges of the tile, that is, spoil all the cladding.
Fortunately, today there are many compositions and washes on the market intended for softening the old grout in seams containing a solution of acetic acid. But if you want, try softening the seams with simple water, but it will not be so productive.
When you handle a similar plot of 0.5-1 square meters. m, then proceed directly to cleaning. Here again, the sharply sharpened sequel or a special scraper will suit. The main thing in such jewelry work is to act well and very carefully.
After cleaning, each site should be driving a dry brush, thereby cleansing dust and small particles. This is really a painstaking work that requires much more forces than putting seams.
After the entire surface is ready, you can take a new processing of seams, which has already been mentioned above. Just try in this case to use the mixture more resistant to external influences.
So that you have beautiful floors, tiles and intercutric seams should look neat and aesthetic, so try to make the surface facing, accurately following the recommendations of specialists.Author:
Sergey Vladimirovich, Electric Engineer.More details
about the author.
Now you can proceed to the final stage - grouting seams and processing their sealant. A well-made grout may disguise the existing laying defects, while the bad grout can destroy completely impressive from flawless laying.
Previously check whether the hypothesis is completely on which you put the tile and thoroughly clean the seams from the garbage and dirt. Delete all the separators left after laying (cross) between tiles. Some producers of delimiters state that they can be left in the seams and styling. But in this case, the layer of grout over separators will be more subtle, so it will have another color after it freezes, and can spoil the appearance of the entire grout.
If you are working with glazed tiles, then you can immediately begin the grout of the seams. If you have launched a tight tile, you first need to moisten the upper and side surface of each tile to prevent too much suction of moisture from the grout. Some tile stackers use garden sprayers to splash water along the surface of the tiles.
No matter what method you have chosen, the main thing is not to overdo it. The puddles of the water remaining on the tile or in the seams can damage the grout, then it can sweat. (So that there was no doubt about holding such training tiles and seams, it is better to get advice from the manufacturer of the grout).
Types of thicker materials
There are 2 main types of grout materials: a mixture based on cement and a mixture based on epoxy resin.
Tip: If you choose, do not confuse the molded materials with sealing compositions from the elastomer, which are used in construction - they fill the docks of various building materials. Such seals include a silicone seal.
The store will tell you that it is really used for tiles, and will be right. Only it is not worth a silicone seal to fill the seams between the tiles. It is designed to fill out emptiness when laying tiles to another surface. Sometimes it is used to fill the seams, but it is better to avoid it.
Grouts on a cement basis are a dry mixture that is divorced by water or liquid latex. Finished grouts are sold, but usually they are much more expensive. The grouts on a cement basis are usually made of cement and differ only depending on the additives that are included in their composition. All of them can be divided into 3 classes: industrial cement, dry hardener and a mixture of latex.
Epoxy clamp contains epoxy resin and hardener, which makes seams by impact-resistant and resistant to different chemicals. This type of grout is the most expensive, and therefore is mainly used in industrial and commercial premises. In addition, epoxy putting viscous and it is quite difficult to work with it. If your tile thickness is not more than 12 mm, and the width of the seams is less than 6 mm, then such a grout will not be able to penetrate into such narrow seams.
When choosing a grout color, rely not only for quality, but also on your aesthetic preferences and tastes. Colored grout is best to choose in the same store where you buy tiles. Since the method of buying "at random" does not always justify your expectation from the final result.
After reviewing all possible combination finishes options (and even needed) to visually transfer it to your surface. It should be remembered that the diverse combinations of colors affects the perception of the entire pattern. For example, light grout on a dark background (or vice versa) creates more contrasting geometrically drawings of your composition.
This approach emphasizes the advantages of each tile. By the way, the game on the contrast is perfectly combined with mosaic and small tiles in size. But if you decide to purchase a mosaic panel or a photo shit, it is recommended to select a color to tone with facing.
You can also achieve the color you need yourself adding dyes into the original white or colored grout. It is difficult, but maybe. But here, of course, without a fraction of luck and risk can not do. As a result, the color may not be very bright, sometimes even unpredictable and less resistant to burnout.
In the event that you choose or make a suitable color, then you are not mistaken by making your choice in favor of white grout. This is a classic option. Practically perfect for most ceramic tiles. In wet premises, it must be moisture-resistant. Additionally, you can handle the seams with a special protective agent to prevent darkening.
But for the floors, the white color may be too marked. And after a short period of time it will look dirty. Here you can do with a gray grout close in color to cement.
What is the sealant?
The use of the sealant pursues 2 goals:
- It protects ceramic tiles from the appearance on it and in the seams of stains
- It protects the tile and seams to a certain extent from excessive water absorption.
In order for the surface of the unhappy tile and on the seams, the stains appeared, it is necessary to cover the lining with liquid transparent sealant. Most sealants are made on the basis of silicone, varnish or acrylic. When choosing a suitable sealant, it is necessary to consider the types of tiles and grouts, as well as the place where the cladding is made.
Now let's find out how to rub the seams, apply grouting and sealant. In addition, always follow the instructions of the product manufacturer that you have chosen.
Planned time costs: depend on the size of the area; It is necessary about 3 weeks to completely dry up the grout. The costs of funds are complete. When working with them, use the respirator, protective glasses and rubber gloves.
Width of the griming seams
The width of the grotype seam depends partly on personal preference, some, for example, like narrow seams. Too wide stitches, as it were, visually suppress the tile. The square tile is 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and even 60 cm will look neatly with seams of 3 mm. The wrong shape of the tile is less noticeable with wider seams, but try to make them width not more than 12 mm. The fact is that the larger the width of the seam, the greater the likelihood that it cracks.
The seam width of more than 12 mm will be more durable if the grout add sand with a large particle size, but it does not always help protect the wide seam from cracking. (Another reason why grout can crack and crumble - too large amounts of fluid when mixing the grouts).
Equally, it should not be very narrow, because it will be difficult to fill them with grout as it should, and as a result, water will be seeded through such seams. Many masters feel more confident that the quality of the facing performed will be at the proper level if the seams have sufficient width so that they can fill them with latex or acrylic grouts, as a result of which the seams will not only be waterproof, but will be able to serve shock absorbers when compressed and the expansion of tiles. Such ability of the seams becomes insignificantly small when the seam width is less than 1 mm.
The grout process of seams includes several stages:
- Mixing the grout
- Solving solution for better wetting
- Repeated stirring grouting
- Distribution of solution
- Cleaning surplus grout
Tools and materials that will be needed to apply:
- Respirator (for working with grouts containing cement)
- Latex gloves
- Protective glasses
- Scraper with rubber nozzle or roller
- Wooden stick with sharpened end or toothbrush
- Clean fabric
- Paint roller or small bruster for drawing
Application of Zatir
First, lay out the slid of the grout on the surface of the tiles (you can simply pour a solution from the bucket if you work on the floor, or scoop the solution with a rectangular cell to apply to the walls).
In order to distribute the grout, the rapid grater is more suitable (in the appropriate version for the floor or walls) than the steel ironing.
Keep it at an angle of 30 degrees to the tile (as shown in the photo) and put a grout on the surface of the tile diagonally (as shown in the figure). Walk through the entire surface of two or three times, but not just cover the seams with a solution, and try to laugh, press it with an effort in the seam so that it is tightly filled with a grout solution.
The stronger the resistance, the more densely the seam is filled and the stronger it will be. The main idea is to fill out all the corners and emptiness around the tiles, which remained after applying glue. In the process of grouting, the liquid will leave the culinary solution, and the seams will be filled with sand and cement particles, it can be said to be solid instead of a liquid cement test.
Do not grumble the entire surface immediately, it is better to first distribute the grout on a small area of about one or two square meters. meters while you do not find out how quickly the grout is set. Thus, if you have to work with a grout, which is quickly grasped, you will need to stop and clean.
Sometimes it is possible to immediately wash about 9 square meters. meters before starting to be cleaned; In other cases, it is possible to cover the grout only a small area. Work on a small area will help you determine the speed with which you should work.
Using a grout bag
If you work with a surface that is particularly difficult to clean after the grout, for example, with an old brick facing, use a bag for grouting to fill the seams. This bag looks and acts as well as a confectionery bag for finishing cakes. At the end of the bag, the metal tip is fixed as the same width as the rapid seam. The bag is filled with grout, and then it is extruded with effort through the tip in the seam.
When working with a thull bag, place the bag tip at the top of the seam and promote it along the edge of the seam as it fills it. For greater efficiency, fill the seam over its entire length, and not around a separate tile. Usually, first fill all horizontal seams (along the axis x), and then vertical (along the axis of the y).
It should be squeezing a slightly more grouting than it seems necessary. After it slightly grabbing, sumps up the grip in the seam using a batch or a piece of smooth metal tube, the diameter of which is greater than the width of the filled seams. Then allow the grip compressed in the seam seam to be captured for half an hour, then remove the excess with a rigid brush.
The first removal of grout surplus is dry. When all the seams are filled, it will take a grater to remove the outfit, which you need to keep under almost a direct angle to the surface of the tiles (as shown in the figure). At the same time, it is necessary to move the grater diagonally relative to the seams, otherwise the edge of the tool can get into the seam and removes part of the grout (if it happened, simply add a bit of grouting in the seam and align the surface of the seam edge).
As soon as the surplus is removed, let it raise to grab before cleaning. While you are engaged in grouting and cleaning, you must not forget from time to time to mix the rapid solution in the bucket so that it remains soft before applying it to new sections.
The second removal of the grout is wet. What time start? After dry cleaning, the edge of the grouting grater (which removes the main weight of the grout from the surface of the tiles), each cladding to one degree or another requires a wet cleaning. The time that is necessary for the complete setting of the grout before wet cleaning is greatly different from laying to laying.
It can be 5 minutes, and may take 20 minutes or more. On the rate of evaporation of fluid from the grout influence the weather conditions, the type of base, glue and tiles.
Keep in mind that the remnants of the grouts on the surface of the tile can be captured pretty quickly, although it may take a longer time for grouting in the seams. To estimate the readiness of the surface of the tiles and tuting seams to cleaning, you can use a sponge: wet the sponge as much as possible, and then test the small section of the facing surface. Grouting in the seams should be elastic and dense, but not solid.
If the grout grabbed too much, the tiles will have to be cleaned with great difficulty, so that it is possible to damage the seams. On the other hand, if the sponge stretches out of the seams, it means that the grouting was not enough enough. Wait a few minutes and check again. Cleaning can be started when the grout in the seams remains in place.
If it turned out that there was too much time before the start of cleaning, and the tile put out to the surface of the tile, you can delete it using a special abrasive grater. (Unlike other cleaning terks, such a grater leaves scratches on the surface of the tiles - to not doubt, check first on trimming the tiles). After cleaning the dried residues of the grout, go through the entire surface of a well pressed sponge.
There are many receptions for cleaning the grouts, some of them are rather unusual. For example, some tiler pour out the dry grout over the seams (so that the wet grout in the seams dried faster). Others use sawdust so that they stretch out extra moisture, and it was easy to remove excess grouts. Many of these methods weaken, and thus destroy the thicker seams, so we do not advise them to use them.
It is better to use a combination of tested techniques, which is suitable for both commercial facing and in residential premises. The main principle of this method is to use a minimum of water during cleaning, so as not to weaken the grout.
Beginning of wet cleaning
You will only need a bucket with clean water and a sponge (it is better to take a sponge with rounded edges, so the grooves in the thickening seams are not formed).
At first, with the help of a sponge, most of the outflows are quickly removed. Start cleaning the grout from the surface of the tiles with soft circular wider movements, removing the sand particles and cement.
Carefully so that the grooves are not formed in the thicker seams. Rinse the sponge, as soon as the pores of the sponge are filled with particles of cement and sand, and after well press it. If not too much time passed before the cleaning, then you can remove excess grouts from the surface of the tiles for two or three passages.
Clean only a small plot (1-2 sq. M. m), often wetting the sponge to wash out the grout particles that penetrated the pores of the tiles. When you rinse the sponge, always try to rinse as much as possible and squeeze as much as possible to be sure that all the grout particles that were in the pores of the tiles were washed off. Do not forget to shock excess water from your hands.
If the facing is not more than 9 square meters. meters, then there is no need to change the washing water in the bucket. It can be judged by the purity of water, how well the tile is washed (of course, in some commercial projects it is necessary to constantly change water).
At the second stage, it is necessary to inspect the thickening seams, whether they are neat. Align and scroll the seams using a batch, a wooden stick with a sharpened end or the end of a toothbrush. Then fir the edges of the seams with a sponge. Move the sponge parallel to the seam, carefully removing the protrusions and filling the existing grooves with a small amount of grouts on the finger tip (wear for this tightly tight rubber gloves).
The actual seam size depends on the type of tile used and industrial or handicraft treatment of the top edge of the tile. If the edges of the tile are sharp and straight, grouting in the seams should be flat, flush with the top edge of the tile. If the top edge of the tile is rounded, the tiler must decide which height to make seam.
Whatever the height is chosen, Ideally, the seam should be even on top, not convex, although most of the seams becomes slightly concave, which is permissible. It is very important to give all seams the same shape and depth.
At the end, the final careful cleaning of the tiles surface from the residues of the grout is made. As soon as the seams in the facing are aligned, the surface of the tiles should be carefully cleaned again. First rinse and squeeze a sponge. Then make a straight, vertical passage about a meter with one side of the sponge, slowly moving it towards yourself - slower than it seems necessary - and without stopping (if you move the sponge quickly or intermittently, stripping strips will remain on the surface of the tiles).
After the first pass, turn the sponge with the clean side and make a similar pass parallel to the first, and then stop and rinse the sponge. For one pass, use the sponge side just washed. Continue this process until the entire cladding area is completely cleaned, trying to act gently, so that again the sponge did not pull the grip from the seams.
If this happens, this may mean that grouts in the seams too much and the seams must be fired, or too much water in a sponge. After this cleaning, all the remnants of the grout should be eliminated from the surface of the tiles, and it is necessary to give the seams the opportunity to dry for 15 minutes.
During this pause, the moisture remaining after cleaning on the tiles, the cement particles are evaporated, which were in water, are deposited on the surface of the tiles. If the tiles are covered with shiny icing, and the angles are smooth and straight, then the raid from the grout can be easily removed by rubbing the surface of gauze or soft, clean cloth. If the tile has a matte surface or rounded corners, then another, additional passage with fresh water and a sponge may be needed.
If the residues of the grouts are still poorly cleaning, you may not have clearly cleaned the surface for the first time. If the glue remained on the surface of the tile, then the reason that the grouting grabbed is stronger than usual, can be contained in it latex or acrylic additives.
However, Whatever the reason, the longer the flare remains on the tiles, the harder it is to remove it. If you could not remove the residues with a wet abrasive grater, you can try to use a special solution to eliminate the plaque, or, as a last resort, resort to the help of acid cleaners.
If you decide to use special cleaners or acid, keep in mind that the grout must fully capture before you use them. Nevertheless, do not wait for the grout to completely grabbing until the end stage of the cleaning is completed - removal of any marks of grouting from expansion seams.
When the grout harmst, the tile and seams can be covered with a sealant in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Clean the tile and seams thoroughly and let them dry for several days. Then apply the sealant by following the instructions of the manufacturer. If you are covered with sealant and tile and grout in the seams, use a greasy roller.
If you are covered with sealant only seams, use a small tassel. All excess sealants, which may accidentally get on the surface of the tile, immediately delete.
For gentle care, the tile is sometimes required to cover the tile of sealant every 2 years (sometimes more often if the manufacturers are required). In any case, if you notice. That tile has become more common to get dirty and it has become more difficult to clean, it means that it is time to cover it with an additional layer of sealant, thoroughly cleaned.
End of work
On the floor, put the sheet of plywood and ban anyone to walk on the floor until the grout drying. Be careful, some types of grout dries up to two weeks (check the required time in the manufacturer's instructions)
The final stage of the bathroom facing is grouting seams between tiles. The filling technology of the seams is quite accessible to even the novice master, but you need to know some nuances and correctly pick up the grout from the extensive range offered by various manufacturers.
Types of manufacturing material
Depending on the material that is used as the main component in the manufacture of grouts, the intercutric fillers are divided into the following types.
According to EN 13888, cement-based grouts have the designation CG and depending on the characteristics of water absorption and abrasion are divided into two classes.
Cement grouts are designed to fill the seams on non-deformable monolithic bases (brick or block masonry, cement plaster and tie). Suitable for use inside and outside the premises, on a wall or outdoor facing. The composition of the aggregates, in addition to cement and fine sand, includes mineral or chemical pigments, polymer modifiers that increase the plasticity of finished mixtures. Depending on the plasticity (the number of modifiers and the sand fractionality), the product is designed to fill the narrow (up to 6 mm), as well as wide (up to 40 mm) of the seams.
The advantages of cement-based margin include their versatility, the possibility of composure in any shade, low cost. In addition, cement grouts, with a competently selected shade, it makes it possible to hide minor defects and irregularities of tile laying, which together with the ease of preparation and application makes this type of races the most applied. The disadvantages of cement formulations include their insufficient resistance to moisture and a tendency to accumulate pollution, which are literally entering the coating.
Epoxy resin-based fillers are related to the category of reactive (reaction-hardening grout formulations) and according to EN 13888 have the designation RG. Such grouts are almost completely waterproof. The main scope of their application is the pool bowls and various tanks, where it is necessary to ensure the maximum impermeability of the facing carpet, as well as industrial and laboratory complexes with special requirements for strength and acid resistance of the floor covering. Under household premises, use two-component grouts is very problematic: the resulting mass has a high viscosity and badly falls into narrow seams. The minimum application thickness is 3-4 mm.
But due to the high strength, durability and ease of surface cleaning, the costs of filling the seams with epoxy composition completely pay off. In addition, frozen epoxy resin is resistant to any means of household chemicals and has a saturated color, which practically does not change throughout the life of the material.
Another plus the use of epoxy suture aggregate is the possibility of decorating the metal powder, which is added to the composition when preparing it. Such seams in the bathroom look original and attractive.
The main drawback of epoxy rates is the price, on average, they are five times more expensive than cement.
Polyurethane grouts are made on the basis of aqueous dispersions of polyurethane resins. This product is a one-component composition supplied in a hermetic container (plastic bucket) and is fully prepared for use. Polyurethane has a high mechanical stability, not washed out, forms a solid waterproof coating.
The recommended application width is from 1 to 6 mm.
Note! With long-term storage, the mixture may lose part of the moisture and seem dry. It is easy to sprinkle with water from the sprayer and mix.
Polyurethane grouts are even more expensive than epoxy, and this is their main drawback.
Silicone grout (sealant) is sold in plastic tubes and squeezed with a syringe with a pistol through a thin nozzle, which allows you to close even the narrowest seams and gaps. Silicone rubble has high adhesion to all types of tiles and most building materials, including, with a smooth and glossy surface. In conditions of high humidity, it is better to use moisture-resistant sanitary sealants that are less than the formation of fungi, mold and other microorganisms on their surface. Produced in a wide range of color schemes, which allows you to choose the composition under any shade of the tile.
The silicone filler for the seams is designed to seal the angular seams, the places of adjacent wall and floor tiles, as well as sanitary equipment to the wall facing (sinks, baths, shower cabins and pallets). For the grouting of interputric seams does not apply.
Note! The optimal ratio of the thickness of the sealant layer to its width is 1: 2. If it is necessary to seal a deep seam or junction, it is recommended to lay a tubular seal made of foamed polyethylene, and on top of apply a small layer of silicone sealant.
Under the concept of "latex grout" most often implies latex additives added to cement solutions, tile adhesives and grouts to increase their plasticity and other characteristics.
Supplements are made from aqueous dispersions of synthetic resins, used to add to solutions and adhesives instead of or together with water. In addition to increasing the plasticity and convenientness of cement formulations, additives increase the following indicators:
- Elasticity, which allows the use of solutions and grouts for warm floors and deformable bases.
- Resistance to abrasion.
- Adhesion compositions for smooth surfaces (adepebility).
- Reduce porosity, water saturation and tendency to contamination of cement solutions.
When introduced into colored grouts, the additive does not affect the shade, but prevents it from discoloration and flushing from the surface during operation.
The grouts obtained from furan resins have dark, more often in black. After curing, the grout almost does not absorb moisture, resistant to acid impacts and some chemical compounds, ultraviolet. In the process of manufacture in raw materials, latex additives are introduced, which makes the frozen coating rather elastic and resistant to mechanical, vibration and deforming loads.
The compositions are complex and toxic, so the main sphere of their application does not apply in residential premises, industrial and production facilities.
Competitions on choosing a composition
Knowing the purpose and the main characteristics of various types of rates, decide on the choice of the required composition fairly easy:
- For relatively dry zones of the bathroom, where the splashes come only occasionally, the usual cement composition is suitable.
- To fill the seams in wet zones, for example, in a shower, it is better to use waterproof mixes: epoxy, polyurethane or cement with additives.
Also, when choosing a type of filler for seams, the base type is taken into account: a stone wall or sheet covering to select the material with the desired degree of elasticity.
In addition, when choosing a grout should pay attention to the structure of the tile itself:
- With a glossy surface of ceramics, you should not use coarse-grained fugues, and it is better to fill the seams with a fine cement grout.
- The brilliant "glass" seam structure formed when using epoxy aggregates is well combined with mosaic and stained glass tiles.
- The seams between the porous and embossed tiles are optimally filled with a coarse cement or polyurethane fugue.
Nuances selection shade
The universal selection rule of the grout color is in tone or a bit darker / lighter tile. Another universal option is to use a white fugu that comes to most of the shades of ceramic lining, visually slightly slides the bathroom, and also better than other shades hides the small irregularities of the edges of the tiles and errors allowed when styling it.
For sex, it is recommended to select dark shades to fill the seams: so the accumulated dirt and dust will be less noticeable. White grout on the floor turn into a gray one after a few months.
For decoration with a rich pattern or made of multi-colored tiles, a transparent aggregator is suitable or a special mixture of "chameleon", which at different angles of view has a different shade.
Another interesting option is to add a golden or silver-colored metal powder to a fugue, which makes the seams with original and causing. But it is worth remembering that this method is to highlight the seams suitable for certain design styles.
Tip! If you wish to use the contrasting color to fill the seams, you should be guided not only by your taste, but also the combination of shades so that the facing does not look amilateral.
A detailed article about how to choose a grout here.
How to calculate the amount of grout
As a rule, manufacturers on the package indicate the approximate flow rate of 1 m² of cladding. The easiest way to calculate the number of funds necessary is to use a special table where the consumption is indicated depending on the width of the seam and the size of the tile.
Another option is to make a calculation yourself. The following tile parameters are taken into account:
- Length (a);
- width (b);
- thickness (h);
- Planned seam width (D).
Also, the calculation requires a density of the prepared mixture (P). The average density of cement rates is 1.7-1.8 kg / dm³. Next, the flow rate (R) is calculated by the following formula:
R = (A + B) / (A × b) × H × D × P (kg / m²)
For comfort. You can use the calculator, which considers this formula.
* Plot density :
- Ceresit CE33, CE40, CE43 - 1.75
- Kerakoll Fugalite Eco - 1.55
- Kesto Kiilto - 1.6.
- Litokol Litochrom - 1.9
- Litokol Litochrom Luxury - 1.9
- Litokol Starlike - 1.55
- MAPEI ULTRACOLOR PLUS - 1.6.
- MAPEI KERAPOXY DESIGN - 1.6.
Note! Regardless of the method of calculating the required amount of fugues (tabular or obtained by the formula), 10% add to the value and acquire a grout with a margin.
Shutting technology Shvov
Consider how the tile seams are made in the bathroom with their own hands on the example of the use of a cement-based composition.
To fill the seams, the following tool will be required:
Tip! It is recommended to work in rubberized gloves, as some components of the rates are deeply enhanced in the pores and can cause skin irritation.
Pre-stage before grouting - cleaning of seams from excess and glue residues. It is done mechanically by using a special knife. You can also use a multitool with a progressive recovery movement of the cutting edge. After grinding tile glue and cleaning the tiles, dust and small particles are sweeping out of the seams with a small tassel, you can use the old vacuum cleaner. After dry cleaning, on the seams passing by a damp sponge to remove the remnants of dust, but it is not necessary to wet the seams.
Note! It is not recommended to clean the seams with the help of a grinder, since the cutting circle rotating on the large revolutions is easy to damage or cut the edge of the tile, which will turn into the eyes after filling the seams by grouting.
Preparation of mixes
An important stage is the preparation of the mixture. Here it is necessary to follow the manufacturer's instructions and strictly observe the proportion of the ratio of the amount of water to the dry mixture. The process of the mixture of the mixture on a cement basis is carried out in such a sequence:
- The measured amount of clean water is poured into a small container.
- The amount of dry mixture is added to the water. If there is an assistant, it is best to do with constant stirring.
- With the help of the mixer, the mixture is laid out for 2-3 minutes, with manual stirring, it will take more time, and there may be lumps.
- After receiving a homogeneous paste, a technological break is made (2-3 minutes), after which the mass is mixed again.
Tip! After the preparation of the composition, the tool used is recommended immediately rinse, because after frozen the cement mixture is very difficult to remove.
Properly prepared mixture is quite plastic and a bit "liquid", which should not scare beginner masters. If you do not comply with the proportion, then a thick mixture is more difficult to fill the narrow seams, and besides this, it will very quickly freeze and become unsuitable for use.
Filling and formation of seams
Preparing a solution, immediately begin to fill the seams. The mixture is applied perpendicular movements, and the final form is produced along the seam - it contributes to a more complete filling of the interlocking space. Having generated some quarrels (depends on the experience of the wizard and the speed of performance), while the tank, remaining on the front side of the tile, does not dry, it is neatly removed. With insufficient experience, do it better with a dry cloth or a special grater with a microfiber nozzle. More experienced masters perform this with a wet sponge, at the same time slightly "hanging" seam.
When the tile is cleaned from the remains of the fugas, proceed to the formation and seal seal. To do this, use a special spatula. If there is no such spatula, you can use the segment of the wire in a double round braid with a diameter of 10-12 mm.
With this spatula, they make wiring on the seam, tightly pressing it to the grout, as a result of which a neat uniformly recessed seam is formed. The fuzzy did not immediately remove immediately, so as not to break the seam: let the solution snack a little.
After all the seams are formed and compacted, make manual stimulation of jumper seams formed on the "intersections". Final stage of filling seams - cleaning tiles from fatal residues. Immediately at the end of the work, this is done with a dry cloth, and if you give a solution to dry (about 3 hours), a wet napkin or a sponge is used for cleaning.
Sealing the junction between sanitary appliances and a wall
After installing plumbing in the bathroom, it is sealing a bathtub, a shower pallet and a sink to the wall. The optimal material for this is silicone sanitary sealant. Consider technology on the example of the sealing of the bath adjustment to the wall:
- The bath is filled with water so that it is after installation gave shrinkage.
- Then the edges of the bath, adjacent to the wall, are stuck with a painted tape. Also, the tape is pasted on the tile, so that the clearance of approximately 10 mm width remains.
- The seam obtained is filled with silicone sealant.
- After filling the seam, it is smoothed by a rubber or plastic spatula. If this tool is not at hand, it can be done with a finger, moistened with soapy water or a wounded polyethylene film.
- While the sealant is not drying, the painting tape and seam is neatly dug away for 24 hours. After complete drying of the silicone, a neat and hermetically adjacent is obtained.
Can I pelt tiled with tiled glue
This is often the result of the question, especially since the whole glue remains, and the grout must be purchased separately. Most masters converge that for premises lined with ordinary cafeter, it is best to use grout, as it performs protective and decorative functions and is produced in a large palette of shades, while glue gray.
Filling the seams with tiled glue can be justified in the case when the porcelain tiles are made of facades or other surfaces subjected to atmospheric effects. In this case, in the absence of a reliable waterproof fugue, the seams can be filled with glue, since the unreliable grout will fall out of the seams, and the tile under the influence of moisture will depart from the base. At the same time, to rub the seams is better immediately during the laying, so that the adhesive layer is completely monolithic.
We recommend watching a video on this topic, and the conclusions about the feasibility of this method on their own.
Why crawl cracks
One of the common problems arising from the facing of the cafeter and performing the grout is the formation of cracks between tiles. The main reason for this is a violation of technology when cooking and working with grout:
- Added more than recommended by the manufacturer, the amount of water: when drying, such a solution gives an increased shrinkage and cracks.
- Too dry mixture is poorly sealing in the seals, which also entails the formation of cracks.
- Also, the seams are cracking if the aggregate is applied with a thin layer and the solution is not performed.
- Another reason for the appearance of cracks - grout is applied when the tile glue is not dry or in the drying process, drafts were allowed in the room.
To eliminate cracks, it is recommended to remove the grout from the problem seam and put a new one in compliance with technology.
In conclusion, we give a small advice, as easily and relatively quickly remove the climbing grout, if something went wrong when it is applied. Usually, a special knife scraper is used for this, but if you take a canvas for manual hacksaws, intended for plywood or other wood stoves, the process of stratification of the grouting layer will significantly accelerate. After combing the bulk, the remnants of the aggregate from the tiles are removed with a knife.
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Grout is the final stage of work on the installation of the tile. Consider how to fulfill these operations yourself.
Types of clutter compositions
In the professional language, the grout is called Fuga. The most common is an embodiment on a cement and epoxy basis.
Grouting from cement is found in the form of a dry mixture or ready. Such formulations are more susceptible to cracking, but it is easier to apply. Mixtures can be with hydrophobic additives for wet rooms or for rooms with a normal operating mode.
Epoxy grouts are a two-component composition, which consist of a hardener and resin. The hardening process begins after mixing the two ingredients. Material is resistant to moisture and mechanically loads, so this grout is more often used for industrial and trading buildings. Also, epoxy grouts are used for zones that are subjected to constant moisturizing (pallet shower, swimming pool) or aggressive temperature effects (kitchen apron).
Only silicone sealants, latex and acrylic compositions for these purposes can be applied as a grout for seams. The first is used for sealing holes for plumbing equipment, the second - do not tolerate high humidity. Sanitary silicone sealant for wet premises must have antigribic effect.
The use of sealant is more expensive than the use of a conventional cement grout, so these means are resorted only in cases where other compositions cannot be applied.
- Sealing junctions between different materials - Temperature deformations can break the cement grout, and silicone has sufficient elasticity,
- Seaming seams on movable bases - if the tile lies on the surfaces that have a property to deform when the temperature and humidity changes are changed, the use of cement forces is impossible. For example, the angular joints of the plasterboard sheets are subject to such deformations.
Grouting with polymer additives is more elastic, so it can be used for movable deforming bases and on the joints between different materials. Usually this grout is supplied in the finished form and does not need to be prepared from a dry mixture.
It is also believed that the polymer grout is more mobile, so newcomer is easier to work with it.
The grout color is selected under the color of the tile itself. It is usually believed that the mixture should be one tone lighter or darker. This means that the tile must be tonally close a fug. This will avoid intrusive bright gap between the tile.
White threads should be avoided, since with time the dirt accumulates, which is difficult to washed. For example, in the kitchen apron near the stove, fat deposits from cooking usually appear. As a result of all these effects, white seams soon become yellow.
Calculation of consumption of material
- To calculate the exemplary consumption of the material, it is necessary to fold the length and width of the tile.
- The amount obtained is divided into the tile area (length x width).
- We multiply the result on the thickness and width of the seams and multiply on the flap density coefficient (1.6 - 1.8).
- As a result, we get the flow rate of kg / m.kv, to this figure you need to add 10% to take a material with a margin.
List of tools
- Capacities for kneading should not have a large volume, as usually grout makes small portions to prevent them dry.
- The rubber spatula is needed for rubbing the mixture in the seams. It may be a small tool in the form of a spatula or grater with rubberized sole.
You can not use the steel spatula for applying the mixture, since they can damage the edge of the tile.
- Colorless detergent and sponge For laundering traces of grout. Also, to remove the residues of the mixture, you can use a grater with a foam sole.
- Knife - Depending on the thickness of the interlocking space, you can put one or two blades.
- Plastic crosses or wedges.
Preparation begins at the stage when the tile glue dries, it is necessary to start 24 hours after laying the tile. Immediately after laying the tile, it is necessary to clean all traces of an old solution from surfaces. Eating even a small amount of cement in a fugus can change the color of the mixture.
Before the final hardening of the tile adhesive, you need to produce seams. Between the cafeter, excessive solutions are removed and recesses are created. If this is not done, then the grout will lie on the suture surface, which will lead to rapid cracking.
When the glue has already grabbed, the crosses that were inserted when laying the tile are removed. These devices in width correspond to the distance between the tiles, so they can be used to remove the fresh solution. To do this, we just spend the cross on the seam.
If the moment is missed and seam hardened, then you need to use the knife for the branch. It is necessary to work carefully so as not to damage the tile. This operation cannot be done with a screwdriver, a spatula, a conventional knife or other metal objects.
Grout has a limited service life, after which the composition needs to be updated. For this seams are expanded to remove the old fugue from them. If you skip this stage and immediately apply the mixture, it will lie with a thin layer on the surface and will not provide protection. Read more about errors when grouting tiles read in a separate article.
Preparation of mixes
Foundation is one of the responsible stages, it often makes errors, since the process differs from the preparation of other dry mixtures (plaster, putty).
If the mixture includes hydrophobic additives, it will require scales for its indion to correctly calculate the ratio of ingredients. An ordinary cement grout can be taken to the eye until the desired consistency is achieved.
- Pure capacity put on scales and pour water. On 1 kg of dry mixture, 300 ml of water will be required.
Before using the mixture, familiarize yourself with the instructions to find out the desired ratio of components.
- The mixture we fall asleep into the water and begin to mix. Some masters prefer manual kneading, as this method prevents air from entering the composition. The drill mixer can be used for hydrophobic rates, the tool must be operated on low revs.
- Cement grout for wet premises will be mixed for a long time, you need to continue to beat the composition to the pasty state. You should not add more water, as it will spoil the fugu.
- The solution must be left for 5 minutes to saturate moisture, and then mix again.
For epoxy grout, scales will also need. The hardener and the resin need to be mixed in a certain proportion that the manufacturer indicates the instructions.
- We put a clean capacity on the scales and put into it the desired amount of component A, then reset the scales by 0 and add a hardener (component B).
- Fugu mix the spatula or a mixer drill.
Epoxy grout must be kneaded by small volumes so that the mixture does not have time to harden until the completion of the work.
Fugation of seams
- Before fogging the seams you need to moisten with water so that the moisture does not leave
- At the first stage, the soft spatula is rudely fill the seam. Then the grater is moving the composition.
- After performing work on 2-3 m.kv. You need to immediately start the clock.
- The seams form a grater with a foam overlay. Before use, it is wedged in water and pressed. Circular movements fill all the fine holes. Then we wat the grater again and begin to wash off the fugus, movements should go diagonally. After each passage, the sponge is macked into the water so as not to leave dirty traces on the surface of the tile.
Also for epoxy grout, you can use the felt gasket for the grater. Before use you need to richly moisten the floor with water.
- Water residues are cleaned with a sponge.
Is it possible to use the grater?
Some wizards do not use a small rubber spatula, and all the work is performed by a grater. This method of application is possible if the tile is smooth and does not have textured recesses. Otherwise, the mixture will fall into these zones and it will be difficult to remove it from there.
It is advisable to have several grams with different nozzles: rubber for applying a fugue and felt or foam for washing and forming seams. With a certain skill, the grater can work both long and short side.
Cleaning the surface and smoothing seams
After fugmentation on the surface of the tile, traces may remain. They can be washed with detergent and sponge. Pay attention to the composition does not contain dyes, as they can change the color of the fugue.
It is necessary to use specialized agents for removing the residues of epoxy grout, which are effective only within 12 - 24 hours after applying. The composition is applied to pollution, waiting 5 - 10 minutes, and then wash off. Remedies should be assembled with a sponge and laundering the floor again with clean water.
The optimal width of the seam
From the width of the seam depends on how the grout will look like. Between the tiles usually leave 4 - 2 mm. A greater distance will contribute to the accumulation of moisture under the cafeter. This size of the seams is kept with the help of cross, wedges or alignment systems (SVP).
Read more about laying tiles in a separate article on the site.
How to warn cracking?
The cracking of the seams can occur not only because of problems with the grout, but also due to the violation of the technology of styling of the tile.
- Movable base - plasterboard, wood.
- Violation of the ratio of components in tiled glue or in a fug.
- Before the grout did not remove the old fugue or did not extend the seams.
Read more about errors when laying tiles Read in a separate article .
Statting of seams on the tile is an important stage of the finish finish of the wall. This part of the work is neatly and correct, only so you can get a flawless look, the correct lines. This is a finishing stage of work that requires certain skills.
Why do you need it?
Grout (Fuga) is not required when lays out seamless walls - for this, a tile without a chamfer is used. It is assumed perfectly smooth, dense styling of jack. At the same time, on the textured surface it is almost impossible to find the place of joints.
But ordinary citizens are unlikely to spread the author's collection tile in their baths and cuisines, so the grout, which is needed for ordinary tile, is a matter of relevant.
For an ordinary tile with grout chamdes, it is necessary - only so you can achieve the tightness of the wall.
Without the proper processing of joints of the joints under the tile, moisture will accumulate, which will eventually lead to a shower of the tile.
Criteria for the right choice
It is important to properly approach the choice, the fugue must perform the tasks:
- Fill out the emptiness between the tiles.
- Protection against dampness
- Preserving the properties of the adhesive composition.
The well-selected material turns the wall covered with a tiled into a hermetic surface.
Quality of good material:
- Uniform texture - to create a smooth layer, without irregularities of inclusions
- Elasticity - associated, plastic structure, thanks to which the application becomes easy
- Strength - Saving seam and its protective properties for a long time
- Hydrophobicity - the inner design of the wall is protected from moisture
- Resistance to different temperatures
- Resistance to aggressive environment (relevant when laying out the pool)
- Wear resistance (especially when laying floor or tracks)
- The ability to maintain a given color (for example, when exposed to ultraviolet)
- The optimal seam width for this composition.
Fugue color usually corresponds to the main color of the tile, the contrasting combinations are used much less.
Types of clutter compositions
For a successful result, it is not enough to know how to rub the stitches on the tile. Material for grouting, too, you need to choose correctly. The mixtures and finished solutions and pastes differ in composition and intended purpose.
The usual type is based on cement. The composition may include sand, other fillers.
Cement solutions are not much suitable for high humidity conditions, they use more often to fill the seams when laying garden tracks and sites, as well as with facade finish.
Such a grout can be stacked with your own hands:
- Sand (small, better sinking)
- Latex fillers (they make a plastic solution).
Cement and sand are mixed in equal shares, filler - according to the instructions.
On Portland cement
For bathrooms and kitchens, it is preferable to use a mixture of portland cement and lime. The homogeneity of the solution is due to the shallow components.
Ready-made polymer cement mixtures are stirred in the factory conditions with a special latex composition.
Buyers are offered colored mixtures and bright, they are core independently with the help of pigments.
There is one more type of grouting material - based on epoxy resins. The composition is sold in the form of two separate components, their portion is mixed during processing.
It is difficult to work with this material: all movements should be calculated and deposited - after solidification, the material becomes as durable as the tile. It is almost impossible to wash it away.
More often used for wide seams - from 6 mm. Experienced professionals are used for standard seams with the addition of metal powder. As a result, it turns out a tile in the elegant framework.
Grouting special purposes
The material is at a cost not inferior to epoxy - furanol. It has a rich black color, is rarely used. By wear resistance and strength, it is even stronger than epoxy solution - withstands the effects of acids.
The same category includes grouts with heat-resistant properties.
These materials are not very common due to special properties and high prices.
Tile adhesive itself
Some wizards use tile glue to grout - for this use its special variety, which is produced for majolica. It is pure white and has hydrophobic properties.
Inaccessible places are sometimes filled with silicone sealant. It is sold in tubes for a construction pistol, which allows you to close the seams in the most difficult corners.
Over time, the sealant turns yellow. In addition to changing color, it gives shrinkage, which ultimately will break the wall water resistance. Therefore, it is not recommended to replace the fugu to the sealant.
The most convenient for a person without much experience in the repair affairs is a polyurethane grout on a water basis. Options for this material are sold in the finished form in buckets.
Polyurethane material is used universally - for any types of tiles and glass mosaic. This material is convenient and permissible width of the seam - from 1 to 5 mm.
It is easy to apply and form, good grip and water-repellent properties are saved for a long time.
Calculation of consumption of material
There is a formula that allows you to determine how many packages need to be bought. After the calculation, at least 10% is added to the result - the material should always be with a slight margin.
- A, b - side lengths
- H - thickness
- D - average seam width
- The coefficient is the grout density ranging from 1.5 to 1.8
Stages of grouting of intercutric seams
The belief that shuttering the seams on the tile is the most simple part of the work, erroneously. The process itself looks simple: the solution is made in the space between the tiles, the excess is removed.
But this is an finishing finish that determines the appearance of complete work, so it should be carefully taken to the nuances and subtleties.
Preparation of instruments and materials
You need to prepare everything you need in advance. The mixture freezes quickly enough, so should be at hand:
- Rubber spatulas. They are made of dense rubber - even with a strong nažim on the surface there are no traces and scratches.
- Several tanks.
- Building cun. Fixture resembling bakery. From it, under pressure, the mixture will be neatly squeezed up on the seam.
- Construction knife. The building knife has a blade at an angle to the handle, it is convenient when working.
- Brush for pre-cleaning seams.
- Spatula-shaped. Some wizards use a regular piece of cable instead. They smoothed the surface.
- Ordinary sponges for dishes - for wet cleaning.
- Tight gloves.
Preparation of seams and surface
In front of the preparation of the solution, interlocking seams are cleaned with glue residues, dust. Make it with a knife, then carefully sweep the painting brush. Clean surface will provide good adhesion with the wall and edges of the tile.
A question may arise whether it is necessary to remove the crosses installed during the laying. Many masters are left in place and simply smear. However, if an applied grout is superimposed, it makes sense to pull them out - otherwise the color of the seam above the cross will be 1-2 tones lighter base.
Preparation of solution
The finishing stage of work is carried out only after complete drying of the tile glue - it can take up to 2 days.
- You can buy a finished solution in banks. Dry material is sold in kilogram packages, the packaging indicates the necessary proportions for breeding.
- The powder dissolves in warm water, is stirred by a mixer drill. If she is kneaded, it is necessary to stir the pure wooden stick. There should be no lumps, it should be homogeneous.
- Taking into account the fact that the solution dries pretty quickly, it is advisable not to dissolve everything at once, but to knead small portions.
Fugation (applying and rambling)
For a better clutch with the surface, it is recommended to be wetted with a spray with a spray with a brush.
You can combine wetting with additional processing from fungus (the means to be treated with the walls before laying tiles).
Next, the solution is quickly superimposed with a rubber spatula - smears with overlap. It is necessary to monitor that the spatula walken is clearly perpendicular to the seam. To fill the voids on the spatula, you need to push - so that there is no air.
To induce the solution with a small force, they are carried out along the line of application with a spatula, turning it along and then align all with transverse movements.
Is it possible to use the grater?
There is almost no difference between the treatment of the wall and the floor, but on the floor there is an opportunity to spend faster and easier.
You can quickly handle the seams on the floor using a construction grater with a rubber lining. In this case, the solution is not superimposed on the seams, but the skill. The solution for this is done more liquid.
Processing is carried out in small sections. It is necessary to apply the solution in squeezed and vigorously, it will fall smoothly and fill all the seams.
This method is applicable if the tile is smooth. If the surface of the floor is textured, with protrusions and depressions - will subsequently be difficult to remove the solution, which will fill all the irregularities.
You can successfully remove the excess mixture to the same tool, but instead of rubber, a foam sponge is installed.
The final stage of work is to fill the spaces around the sockets, fasteners, inlet pipes and other elements.
Cleaning the surface and smoothing seams
At the edges will remain tracks, they can not be left before drying. If you carefully apply a rapid solution, traces and surplus will remain a little, so it is better not to be distracted during the process and do everything as accurate movements as possible.
During the applying of the grouting means, surplus are collected at the same time: if you carry out a spatula without pressure, from the edges is removed too much.
Part of the surplus is going to immediately when part of working with the prepared portion is completed. Without waiting for complete drying, the treated part of the wall is wiping with a wet sponge - when rubbing it aligns the seams, makes them smooth.
Cleaning after work should be carried out if possible, it is quickly, because the solution is frozen quickly, and dried residues are harder.
At the end of all work with the wall, you will have to quickly wipe the wall several times.
In this simple work there are some subtleties. But if you fulfill it yourself, a significant amount saves.
The optimal width of the seam
The impression of the lined wall is determined not only by quality and drawing of the tile. Well-made seams, correctly chosen by the shade of pigment only emphasize perfectly performed laying.
Do not try to make seams as soon as possible, the narrow seam is difficult to fill in a clutter material.
Too wide seams - also bad. The excess space between the tiles weakens the resistance of the design of dampness and other external factors.
Wide seams are susceptible to cracking - therefore, cement-sand formulations are used for them.
If we talk about the bathroom, the standard distance between the tiles is 3-4 mm.
How to warn cracking?
Silvering is most often cement grout. Reasons may be like:
- Too liquid solution
- Failure to comply with the necessary proportions in the preparation of the solution
- Changes in the composition of air to drying (if the bathroom has begun and turned on hot water)
- oscillating base (for example, when laying out on wooden surfaces).
When cracking will have to immediately do repair work in order to avoid referring to the tile and the appearance of mold.
In this case, the seams are cleaned and re-rubbed.
Cracks may appear directly in the process of application - this means that a solution of liquid. In this case, you need to urgently rub dry rapid powder in them.
It may be useful to be information on the packaging of the core material, there is usually indicated:
- Rules of preparation of solution
- Optimal seam width for this material
- Time of complete drying.