If you need to connect the gas stove, it is better to turn to the masters of your business. Of course, this work is paid for. Theoretically, you can connect the gas stove with your own hands. This article contains information about the main stages of connecting equipment, but is not a call to action, since any gas manipulation is dangerous and must be carried out by professional workers.
What are the regulatory requirements
The current legislation of the Russian Federation clearly determined the circle of persons admitted to the performance of work.
The activity of gas services is directly applied to connecting equipment, planned and emergency repair activities, installation of meters and other manipulations.
Note! With independently connecting the plate, its operation is possible only after inspection by a specialist connecting nodes in order to detect leakage, and the official tolerance of equipment into operation.
Each gas instrument is registered in a specialized organization in order to subsequently, it has passed a planned inspection that guarantees the safe operation of the equipment.
Safe work with gas equipment - what to take into account
Safety technique when connecting gas operating equipment is to perform the following rules:
- Before turning on the burner or oven, it is necessary to make a visual inspection of the equipment, to make sure of its health and absence of leakage - this is evidenced by a specific smell in the room;
- the kitchen room where the gas stove is installed, equipped with ventilation exhaust;
- If the device does not intend to operate for a long time, the gas crane overlap. When dismantling the plate, the pipe must be sealed and sealing the gas service workers.
The assortment of stores contains a lot of exhaust models of various types and sizes. There is from what to choose for a particular kitchen, taking into account the peculiarities of its planning and kitchen furniture. Yes, and install this device yourself - forces most good owners who know how to use the basic set of home tools. And to help will Special publication In which just considers step by step, how to connect the hood in the kitchen with your own hands.
There are a number of rules that should be observed during the operation of a gas stove:
- It is impossible to repair equipment independently, do not own professional skills and knowledge;
- It is not possible to change the design of the equipment;
- The work of the slab should be controlled;
- You can not use the slab as a heating device, lighting gas on the burners;
- It is necessary to limit access to the slab of small children and incapacitated family members.
The process of connecting and registering gas equipment occurs on the basis of a package of documents that the owner of the housing provides a gas service specialist. This includes:
- identification of the owner of the premises (passport);
- certificate of family composition;
- guide documents for residential premises;
- dresser residential premises;
- documentation for equipment and meter;
- Subscriber's book;
- payment receipts;
- Treaty on the provision of services.
Where to install the stove
The floor under the gas stove must be even so that the cooking panel is located a strictly horizontal plane - this will have a positive effect on the safety of the plates and on the quality of cooking.
Most plates are equipped with legs with a height adjustment function. This makes it possible to install equipment and on and irregularities of the base. If the floor is a curve, and the legs are not regulated, you can continue the lining of the necessary height of the solid material - chipboard, dense cardboard.
The second thing should be provided - this is free access to valves and connecting nodes. This will allow you to quickly take measures to eliminate faults or gas leakage.
The third rule is to properly choose the place of installation of the stove. For each model, the manufacturer recommended a gap between the rear wall of the plate and the wall of the room. The size of the gap is specified in the instruction manual.
To perform an independent connection, in addition to the hose and a ball valve, specially intended for household gas systems, it will be necessary to purchase a sealing material.
The average-concentrated soap solution will also be required, so that with the help of brushes moistened in it, it was possible to believe the places of compounds on the tightness and the only probability of gas leakage.
The main element of the connection is the hose, the physical characteristics of which should take into account the specifics of its use. It must be a certified product that meets the requirements that are presented to gas equipment and related elements. The hose must be durable and flexible.
The market is not the place where the gas hose should be purchased. For this, there are specialized shops and branded sales points where you can get a qualified consultation on the product and a check that guarantees the exchange when a defect is detected during the installation of equipment. Considering the specifics of the operating conditions, it is clear that not every hose is suitable. Those designed for water (with a red and blue mark) in the gas system will be disretened less than in a month. Gas hoses are presented in three varieties. An important indicator for all species is the flexibility and strength of the product.
The best gas hose is the on which there is a certificate. It should be clearly registered the life of the product and the conditions under which it is operated.
The most popular variety includes a rubber hose. It is characterized by high strength, flexibility and affordable cost. For its manufacture, vulcanized rubber is applied.
If the connection thread at the plate is 3/8 ', then use a special adapter. If necessary, this item is acquired in a shopping store.
Corrugated metalplastic tube is called a bellows hose. For it, excellent performance properties are characteristic - steady and intensive pressure and its drops, elastic, is equipped with a solid protective shell. The cost of such a hose is higher than that of other analogues, but the recommendations of gas service workers are reduced to the use of precisely this type of hoses to ensure high-quality and secure connection.
Special requirements are imposed on the connecting gas hose:
- The length of the hose is limited and does not exceed 1.5 m;
- We all throughout the hose must have the same diameter;
- The product should be smooth, without twisted areas;
- The product must have a durable service life confirmed by certificates;
- There should be no cracks, cuts, suspension and other defects on the surface of the product.
Note! During operation, the hose should be located away from rigid and sharp corners, as well as combustible materials. The best option is free location behind the plate.
The metal pipe as an element of the connection is rarely used due to the high complexity of the process and the need to apply specialized professional equipment.
Eliminate the likelihood of leakage in connecting nodes and ensure their tightness allow special seals.
Lokatet 55 is produced in the form of a sealing fiber and is practical, modern material, specially designed for communications of different difficulty levels. The threaded segment is wrapped, creating a hermetic connection and securely locking it in a given position.
The second variety of the seal is a fum-tape. There are three varieties on sale:
- Material with marking 1 has an additional vaseline lubricant. The seal is designed for operational conditions with an aggressive environment;
- Material with labeling 2 without lubrication is used under the conditions of oxidizing agents;
- Material with marking 3 - universal. It can be used both in industrial and in domestic conditions. Produced in the form of thin threads in the film.
With the help of fum-tape, the pipe elements are firmly connected to each other and for long years retain the tightness of the system.
In addition, Paronite gaskets of the desired diameter from a flat composite sealing material with a layered structure - a paronite are used to seal the communication systems. It includes asbestos, rubber and powder fillers. The material provides high-quality sealing of flange joints.
Dismantling of old equipment
Before installing a new slab, you must remove the old one.
The sequence of action is:
- overlap gas;
- To check the tightness of the crane, open the burners and check that the gas does not arrive. At the same time, we produce gas residues from the hose;
- remove the connecting hose;
- The plate is disconnected when they made a gas from the pipe.
Note! After the flexible hose is disabled, it is recommended to place a wet cloth and fix it with a fum ribbon. Work to produce in a well-ventilated room.
Table 1. Gas stove connection process
|Produce a visual inspection of equipment.|
|Inspect the installation location - the floor should be smooth. If it is uneven, then the slab is aligned with the help of the adjusting legs.|
|We produce the hose mounting through the paronite gasket.|
|First, the hose is enhancing manually.|
|Then tighten with the tool.|
|In the same way, the hose to the stove pipe is fixed.|
|The burners are released from fixing stickers.|
|Check the work of the burners.|
|To eliminate gas leakage and checking the junction tightness, the connection node is washed.|
|The soap solution is applied to the connection point to the stove.|
By summing up, you can highlight a number of rules that experienced masters are followed:
- Access to places for docking the hose and valves should be free;
- The hose should be located behind the stove freely, without flashing and not pressed against the wall;
- The hose is not subject to staining, as the paint can damage the material of the product and provoke its cracking;
- All work is produced with gas off;
- If necessary, shut down the nozzle, use a wet cloth from dense tissue;
- Upon completion of the work, it is necessary to wash the docking nodes to identify possible gas leakage. The appearance of bubbles speaks of insufficient tightness of the node.
Attention! E. If after connecting the plate during the check process, a hissing sound was heard and a characteristic smell appeared, then you need to open the windows for airing the room and invite emergency service staff.
Equipped equipment is very popular in the kitchen.
Video - How to Install and Connect the Gas Warm Panel
In front of people who move to a new apartment or make repairs in the kitchen, often the question arises: how to connect the gas stove. Is it possible to do it yourself or need to be invited to a specialist? How is the whole process?
Can I independently connect the gas stove?
Yes, you can connect the gas stove yourself. However, it is better not to do. Gas is a dangerous, toxic substance, incorrect, careless handling of it leads to fatal consequences. In most new buildings, it is not even spent, electric plates are used there.
To the question of connecting the gas stove, it is necessary to approach extremely carefully. It is best to invite the Gasovik to the house. You can do this by contacting the local HOSE or choosing a private specialist.
How to connect the gas stove
If people still want to connect the gas stove independently, without the help of third parties, they need to strictly follow the instructions. First of all, to deal with what instruments they need.
What do you need to connect?
The following tools will be needed for connecting the gas stove:
- beam liner or gas hoses;
- suitable pipe and adjustable keys;
- Fixtures for cleaning thread;
- sharovy crane;
- Fume tape or package with adhesive lubricant;
- Soap foam with a tassel (it will be needed to search for leaks).
All this must be kept at hand so that the installation of the slab has passed successfully.
First of all, you need to choose a place where the gas stove will be located. If it is already old on it, it must be dismantled. Before starting this procedure, it is necessary to check and make sure that the gas valve is carefully blocked.
Next, you should install the slab in its place. Between it and the wall should be a gap. Its size is strictly installed in the plate servicepore. It is also extremely important to level the position of the hob.
Then it is necessary to screw the flexible eyeliner to the ball valve and to the tile. Open the overlapping valve and with a soap foam carefully check all the threaded points. It is extremely important that all the valves in the process are blocked. Next, you need to install all components, and take turns to check the functioning of all burners and separately the oven.
After that, it is necessary to close all windows, as well as ventilation and for half an hour to ensure that it smells like a gas in the kitchen. If the smell is present, it means that something went wrong. In this case, it is important to immediately overlap the flow of gas to the apartment and air the room. If the kitchen does not smell the gas, it means that the installation process has passed correctly and you can move to the final stage.
At the last stage, check the health of all the plates electromesystems. After that, the process of its installation can be considered completed.
It must be remembered that if the plate is installed in the house for the first time, after all works, the person is obliged to invite a gas service representative for complete diagnosis. The slab before arrival is prohibited. The specialist must confirm the absence of leaks, and only after that the slab can be used as usual.
The worst thing that may happen the wrong installation of the slab is subsequently, this is a gas leakage. The smallest problem will be that it simply will not function properly. Also, the burners can be located not at the desired level, in which case it will be uncomfortable on the stove.
The last two difficulties are solved easily, but the first can lead to terrifying consequences. Due to gas leakage, thousands of people die every year. That is why this process should be approached with maximum responsibility.
The safety technique when used and, most importantly, when connecting the gas stove, it is worth a sufficient responsibility, since it is a sufficiently dangerous device.
Safety rules are quite simple. At the stage of preparation for connecting the gas stove, it is necessary to carefully examine all the details for damage. And also carefully follow all instructions and do not save. It is worth spending and buy a good stove and good, high-quality tools. These investments will help avoid many problems in the future. It is also important not to save the gap between the stove and the wall.
The best thing is that a person can make for his safety and the safety of his loved ones is to invite a Gazovik specialist who has experience in installing plates. In this case, the risks will be minimized. If a person is still ready to fulfill this work independently, he needs to approach the matter very responsibly.
Installation or replacement of the gas stove can be entrusted with professionals. That's just for it, it will have to supplement separately and wait for the arrival of the wizard. Some perform the connection of the gas stove with their own hands - work does not represent a special difficulty, but require strictly compliance with a number of requirements.
We offer introductory instructions with a description of the steps of work, ways to connect an aggregate to the gas distribution pipe and safety standards. This article is informative, and does not call for independent actions, since all manipulations with gas are very dangerous.
Installing gas stoves: Regulatory requirements
According to current legislation, gas systems are considered a zone of increased danger and interference with their functionality is permitted only by employees of regional and local gas services, distribution enterprises or firms with a formal license to carry out such a plan.
Among the activities requiring the participation of the representative of the gas service include: primary connection of equipment, reconnect, planned and unscheduled repair, replacement of parts, etc.
The primary connection of the gas stove to the communications of the central system is always performed only by the official representative of the gas service - a qualified installer having permission
Even if the owners did all the work personally, the gas start to the burner is allowed only after a specialist will examine all the connecting nodes for a possible leakage and officially give good to activate the equipment and its further correct operation.
The subsequent replacement of the slab on another model owners will already be able to spend independently, but the gas company will still have to notify about it.
Gas units prepared for installation are necessarily recorded in the relevant service. Its employees every six months come to the client and conduct a planned inspection of equipment for compliance with all standards and rules of safe operation.
For unauthorized connection to the network or a fine is provided.
After the primary official connection of the slab to the central communications, the owner receives an agreement on the rules for the provision of gas supply services and the subscriber book indicating the price of supplying a resource
However, if after connecting the owner did not use the stove, and first invited the wizard to examine the correctness and quality of the compounds, no punishment follows. The unit will examine, register as a new gas flow point, and it will be possible to use it as usual.
Choice of space for kitchen equipment
Before connecting the home gas stove to central communications, it is selected for it. It is desirable that the floor on the territory of the installation is absolutely even, otherwise the cooking surface turns and dishes will not be able to prepare evenly.
The bulk of modern aggregates is supplied with adjusting legs, which allow smoothly to set the technique even on the floor with noticeable defects and height differences.
To perfectly align the slab relative to the floor surface, it is worth using the construction level. This simple tool will allow up to a millimeter to determine the most successful position for household appliances.
If the adjustment model does not have, under the edges of the bottom, it simply put a dense cardboard, a piece of a chipboard or a wooden bar, aligning a cooking surface relative to the floor level.
Install the gas stove in the apartment so that no items or the elements of bearing structures do not touch
All connecting nodes need to provide free access so that in the event of a leak or any other malfunctions, the problem could be fixed as quickly as possible.
It is not impute to the wall tightly to the wall, but, on the contrary, leave a little clearance behind the back. Its size usually indicates the accompanying instruction manufacturer, and professionals recommend this data to always strictly follow.
Preparation of tools and details
For the correct connection of the gas stove use the following tools and part:
- Flexible hose required length - universal - about 1.5 m, or individual rubber - from 1 m or more;
- Ball crane from a nickel coating brass, designed to work in systems carrying out subscribers with natural and liquefied hydrocarbon gas of low and medium pressure;
- keys - gas and adjustable keys;
- Gasket - usually sold complete with a stove;
- Screwdrivers of different types;
- Sealing ribbon. or thread - for example, fum-tape or thread Lockyl 55;
- Soap mortar Middle concentration and brush to check the correctness and accuracy of the connection for leakage.
As soon as all the necessary components are at hand, begin directly to work.
Method for connecting the plate to the system
To independently connect the gas stove to communication nodes, special hoses with special physical characteristics are used.
When buying, these parts are tested for strength and flexibility, and also look at the quality certificate to understand whether the proposed product meets the requirements for elements of gas equipment.
Connect the slab to the central gas system only directly. No unnecessary nodes and compounds are provided by the rules. If the gas workers detect them, the owner will immediately receive an order for reconnecting
In some particular cases, the slab is connected using a metal connective tube, but this method is extremely rare, as it is characterized by consideration and has a number of inconvenience.
Types of modern gas hoses
The hose for connecting the gas stove is not purchased on the market or remote point, but only in specialized stores or brand points for the sale of mounting equipment.
Sellers, in addition to the goods itself, provide the client information about the technical specifications and issue a check by which in the event of a malfunction can be replaced.
By purchasing a connecting hose for the stove, you must definitely pay attention to the labeling. Elements intended for use in gas systems, identifying labels are always yellow
Red and blue shades marked hoses for water. They have much less durability and gas systems will be roasted 15-30 days after installation.
Today, there are 3 types of gas hoses in the market of concomitant equipment. Between them there are distinctive features, thanks to which the owner has the opportunity to choose the most successful option personally.
Combine products such parameters as flexibility and strength. Due to this, the stove connected to the system can be moved, without fearing to break or somehow damage the gas pipeline and provoke leakage.
Before installing the slab, you need to examine and determine which it has an output - angular (drunk down) or straight. For the corner, a regular hose with a standard edge is suitable, and the part will take the part with the salt
Rubber hose Belongs to the category of the most sought-after connecting elements. It has a high level of strength, demonstrates excellent flexibility and costs quite reasonable money.
Made it from vulcanized rubber reinforced with textile thread. It operates perfectly in the temperature range from -35 ° C to + 50 ° C and easily withstands a serious operational load for a long time.
The carving on the outlet of the slab should coincide with the parameters of the connecting hose. Usually this indicator is 1/2 '
If the aggregate thread is 3/8 ', then for a correct connection to the system, you will need to use a special adapter. It almost always comes complete with a stove. In the absence of a detail purchased in a shopping store
Rubber Hose with Metal Braid It is an improved version above the described option. The metal casing ensures even greater strength of the product and almost completely eliminates the occurrence of the leakage.
The product is offered on the market in the widest range and has a different length. This allows you to use the hose of this type in any kitchen rooms and even where the stove is used with maximum intensity.
A gas hose with a metal braid can work in aggressive conditions (heat, cold, sharp temperature differences). Metal, protecting rubber from damage, has high anti-corrosion properties, does not rust and no moisture is afraid
Silphon hose - This is a flexible segment of a metal-plastic corrugated tube with excellent physical characteristics. It is made according to modern technologies, exhibits resistance to intensive pressure and its drops, it is well stretched and has a surface protective sheath of high strength.
The bellofound hose is distinguished by an unprecedented level of reliability and provides safe gas transmission from the central system to home appliances. The term of its service without loss of efficiency is 25 years
In reproaches, the sylphon products put only a fairly high price compared to similar products made of cheaper materials.
However, despite this, representatives of gas distribution enterprises strongly advise the owners to connect plates through the bellows hose in order to improve the level of safety during the operation of home gas units.
Additional information about the classification of gas hoses and their choice is presented in.
Basic requirements for hoses
The connecting hose used to connect the stove to the central gas system must comply with certain requirements ^
- Limited length - not more than 1.5 meters;
- Righthood - the surface of the part without extensions or narrowed sections;
- No curved , nodes and twisting;
- durability - the service life can be found from the seller or from quality certificates confirming the compliance of the hose with regulations, generally accepted for gas equipment;
- No cracks , cuts, rust and other visible damage.
Another important point, which should be considered - the hose under no circumstances should be touched into tough, acute corners and material susceptible.
Better, if it is free to be located behind the plate, not adjacent to any surface. Then the owners will be able to easily control his condition and will not miss the moment when they need.
Connecting the plate to a centralized system with a metal pipe is very reliable, but an outdated way. Today it is rarely used due to laboriousness and necessity in some cases use specific professional equipment.
When pipe connected plates to centralized communications supplying a gas resource, copper or steel pipes are used. They have a high level of strength and guarantee a clear, reliable connection
The main minus connection with pipes is that in the future slab it is impossible to move for cleaning or transfer to another place without resorting to disconnection from central communications.
Types of seals for gas systems
So that the plates connecting nodes to the distribution gas system did not allow leakage and ensured the tightness of all communications, they use special seals, for example, a filament of Lokate 55 or Fuma tape.
Connecting elements from other materials Employees of gas services are not recommended. Their performance features are too weak for such an impressive daily load.
Thread Lokate 55. - Practical, modern material, designed specifically for reliable fixation of connecting sites in communication networks of varying degrees of complexity.
It is a sealing fiber from complex threads of high strength, supplied in plastic containers and has a different length (from 12 to 160 m, depending on the package).
The filament of the Lokate 55 is a universal element that provides threaded compounds reliable instant sealing even under strong pressure. The certificate allows you to use the product in gas systems without limitation.
To create a sealed connection, the thread manually winding on the threaded segment of the pipe fittings. It is instantly fixed in place and no longer changes its position.
The second reliable sealing element is Tape Fuma Made from fluoroplastic 4D.
The market presents a fum-tape of three types:
- Brand 1. Equipped with additional lubrication based on vaseline oil. It is used in industrial systems and communication networks with caustic, aggressive environments.
- Brand 2. It does not have lubricant and best manifests itself in complexes operating on various oxidizers.
- Brand 3. Produced using the edge fragments of the first two types and is suitable for both industrial and for household purposes.
It is thin threads laid in the film.
FUM RTA demonstrates high anti-corrosion qualities, manifests a good heat resistance and does not release toxins in the process of active operation
The FUM tape allows you to carry out a solid connection of pipe elements, which for many years will provide the system complete tightness. The warranty shelf life of the tape in the container is 13 years.
Phased Gas Plate Connection Process
Before connecting the gas stove in the house or in the apartment, for it they find the most convenient place. Then remove the corporate packaging, screw the adjusting legs to the bottom of the unit and place the module on the selected territory.
Between the equipment and the wall, leave the gap corresponding to the size specified in the accompanying instructions for home appliances.
The construction level is placed near one of the sides, and then, with the help of adjusting legs, the slab is set as soon as possible. First, gently twisted the legs on the one hand, and then on the other.
After all these events, the unit takes a rigid position, does not swing and does not roll to the right or left.
Next, connect the equipment to the flexible hose. To do this, from the outside, a layer of a special seal (the filament of Lokate 55 or FUM tape, designed to fix individual sites in communication systems, is neatly wind at the threads of the hose fitting.
This will continue the reliability and complete tightness of the complex.
Linen laying elements for sealing in gas systems are not used, since their physical characteristics are much lower than the tape FMU and the filament of Lokate 55
The hose fitting with the seal is screwed into the gas valve on the omund, and the second open edge of the hose is screwed into the threads of the gas stove output.
When household appliances are connected for the first time, then contact the specialized service and invite a specialized master who has the relevant knowledge and the right to activate equipment.
During operation with gas systems in the window, the windows are kept open and carefully monitors the nearby there is no open fire.
In the presence of an employee of the gas service, all connecting places are treated with a soap emulsion of medium concentration, open the crane and test the system for a possible leakage. If the gaswriter does not detect any problems, the stove starts to use in standard mode.
Security Rules and Tips
An independent installation of gas stove is carried out in strict accordance with the safety rules governing the actions when contacting gas networks.
Norms, mandatory for implementation:
- The flexible hose connecting the unit with the gas supply system is placed in sight in an easily accessible place and in no way overlap. This subject should always be accessible to inspection or planned replacement.
- Gas sleeves are made in a clear compliance with generally accepted regulatory documents, not exceeding the resolved size or inch.
- The connecting sleeve itself is not stained, since the paint damages the surface and contributes to its premature cracking. If the appearance of the sleeve is not too aesthetic, it is masked under self-adhesive paper.
- Directly hose is connected only with a feed valve and a gas stove. The adapter is used only in the case of a non-standard threaded connection of one of the outputs.
- Prior to the start of installation, the gas plane is overlap, turning the stop valve on the nozzle from the feeding supply, and notify all those located in the room.
- When installing, only a special tool, consumables and components, designed for work with gas reinforcement are used.
- All connections open during the connection immediately plug. For omit, a tight wet cloth is used as a plug. Water, having absorbed into the tissue, gives the material with a high level of gas-tightness.
- For the temporary closure of the feed pipe with a thread on 1/2 "take a tube from a wine bottle. It is cut into a cone in the form of a cone in the form of a cone, processed by sandpaper and tightly "screw" into the tube hole. If the item is stuck, removed using a corkscrew.
At the end of the work, the docked areas are deceived by a soap solution of medium concentration, open the gas locking valve and test the system for leaks.
If the soap fluid begins to bubble, the gas overlap again and adjust the joints of the joint until complete tightness.
When a hissing is heard in the test launch or felt the smell of gas, the valve is immediately closed, opened windows, doors and cause the emergency gas service team.
Sometimes when connecting or transferring the plate may require. This work is carried out only by representatives of the gas service with the preliminary turning off gas throughout the riser.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
A detailed description of the installation of a gas stove in the apartment with their own hands. Useful tips and curious process nuances. Recommendations for using the tool.
How to easily and quickly connect the gas stove in a residential building, which to choose hoses and other related items. Information on the cost of work.
Overview of flavored hoses for plates operating on gas. Pros and cons of the details and expert opinion about whether to use them.
The basic rules for connecting in an apartment or private house of the gas stove are not complex. If you carefully examine the installation instructions, use the appropriate tool and comply with security measures, the process will pass smoothly and will not take a large amount of time.
When there is no confidence in your abilities, it is better to apply to the gas distribution company at the place of residence and invite professional masters at home. They will quickly make installation and will do everything in a clear compliance with the regulations and generally accepted standards.
All interested in the issue of connecting gas stove or ovens offer to leave comments and ask questions. Communication form is located in the bottom block.
Before connecting the gas stove with your own hands, be sure to read the requirements and recommendations shown below. To make installation do not need to be an engineer-builder, but it is impossible to allow mistakes, because the gas, let the household, has a property explode. However, many do it yourself, because they know how to connect the tile correctly and what is needed for this. Therefore, it is not necessary to be afraid, and spending money to call the master is not necessary.
Installing gas stoves: Regulatory requirements
If a breakdown happens, and still have to call the masters, the fact of unauthorized replacement and operation without testing and examination will be apparent. In this case, faces the culprit faces a fine. But if you do work and call the controller, there will be no problems.
Choice of space for kitchen equipment
Place it where it is advisable, based on the requirements of comfort. But there are a number of other mandatory requirements. The floor surface must be perfectly smooth. This is important not only in terms of security.
If there is a skew, dishes are presented unevenly. So that this does not happen, use the knobs on the legs. They are equipped with most modern modifications of household gas stoves. This will make it possible to correctly install the stove even on the uneven floor.
In case you need to repair or replace, it is important to be able to perform actions without dismantling and not in cramped conditions. Also important is important. Therefore, the counter, crane and tube are not "sewn". And the slab itself does not put close to the wall. Look the size of the clearance in the manufacturer's instructions. Violating this requirement is impossible. This is the safety of your family and property.
Preparation of tools and details
It is important to prepare everything you need before starting work so that after the crane is blocked, the replacement did not take much time. This will require:
- Hoses. This can be a universal model with a braid length up to one and a half meters or meter rubber.
- Ball crane. Crashed after the meter. We are necessary in case you need to urgently stop the supply of gas.
- Set of keys. It will take horns, as well as a divorce gas with an adjustable gap for capture.
- Gaskets. In most cases, seals are included, but you need to immediately purchase spare.
- Screwdrivers. Here it is better to immediately stock up flat and curly (crosses).
- Sealing tape. Usually, the thread of the Loktayl 55 and the fum-ribbon reel is bobbin.
- Brush, soap solution, rag. The solution is checked tightness. If he is foaming after applying, there is a leak.
The list is small, and often everything you need already exist in the house. Therefore, for most owners, the connection of the gas stove in the apartment is not difficult.
Method for connecting the plate to the system
It is important to use hoses whose design is designed specifically for gas delivery from centralized riser to consumers. It is important that they are durable and flexible. At the same time, it is impossible to climb them. Check the tightness and availability of a certificate of quality conformity.
This document indicates that the goods are manufactured taking into account the requirements of existing guests and international safety standards. Purchase only certified products from proven suppliers.
Connections can be welded or threaded, and for this it will require specialized expensive equipment and skills to work with it. The same fum-tape is used as seals or Lokalale 55 thread.
Types of modern gas hoses
You can buy them on the market, in the constructionarket or in a specialized point of sale, as well as in the online store. It is important to keep the check, and before paying the product specifications. Only if there is a check, the goods can be returned or exchanged in the event of a nonconformity.
Water hoses are isolated by color:
- Blue for cold.
- Red for hot.
But here there is a characteristic classification of hoses for flexibility and strength. You will have to choose before install the gas stove so that you do not make unplanned repairs.
It is convenient when a cylinder is connected to it, standing outside the house in a special iron box, or if the portable tank is in the kitchen. It can be moved without risk of depressurization.
Basic requirements for hoses
There are a number of conditions required for all cases. According to the installation rules of the gas stove in the apartment:
- The length of flexible connectors (trails) does not exceed one and a half meters.
- The articulation of several segments is unacceptable. A solid tube is used.
- Begin, twist, press the hose is categorically prohibited.
- There should be no cut, corrosion, cracks, even minor damage.
- After the expiration of the maximum service life set by the manufacturer, replacement is required.
In order to ensure safety, the hose with a metal braid can not be led to electrical conductors, solid surfaces, subjects made of burning materials. Let it freely sags behind the tile, without contacting anything.
Another reason to abandon the venture is the stationarity of the design. Tile can not be moved to cleaning, transfer to a new place without laying a new highway from solid-rolled steel pipes.
Types of seals for gas systems
It is important that the gas feed system is completely sealed. Connections are threaded everywhere, and it is necessary that they do not let the gas supplied under pressure. For this, two types of sealing materials are used: thread and film. They are sold in building stores and tents. They can be ordered online.
The main thing is to use certified seals to make the manufacturer confirmed quality. To do this, require a certificate. Combined method of seal using two materials professionals is not used.
To connect the tile, a small amount is sufficient, since it is only necessary to wind out the external threads of the connecting elements. After twisting, the material fills the cavity, fully sealing the assembly node.
In the case of FUM tape, it is necessary to take into account that it is classified into classes. In any case, the material for its manufacture is a 4D photoflast.
And they differ in the following signs:
- Mark 1. It has lubricant made on the basis of vaseline components. Great for use in aggressive environments.
- Brand 2. The bar is not met, which allows the use of the seal under conditions of increased acidity.
- Brand 3. He has edge fragments, as in previous cases. It is applied in industry and in everyday life.
Summer also wind threads, which will remain hermetic. And it is stored for 13 years. So it makes sense to buy FMU about the reserve. Moreover, this seal is used for gas and water supply systems.
Phased Gas Plate Connection Process
Security Rules and Tips
It is necessary to follow not only the step-by-step instructions, but also the requirements for a safe connection that includes the following recommendations:
- Connections and flexible hose make available in case of sudden gas leakage.
- The maximum permissible length is 1.5 m exceeding it is impossible for a centimeter.
- No twisting, inflection, pressing, contact with solid surfaces is not allowed.
- It is allowed to use in normal mode only after the inspection of the gas service inspector.
- Before starting work, the gas supply is stopped and checking that the crane is sealed in the covered position.
- In the installation process, only special equipment, fasteners, tools, seals are used.
- It is prohibited to use non-certified components and sealing materials.
- No pipes after depressurization plug in a wet cloth and release immediately before connecting.
- For shepherd nozzles, the conventional cover from PET plastic bottle is used as a plug.
After the assembly, each of the connections is wetted with a watering solution of soap to reveal the leakage. Bubbles indicate that the connection must be promoted, remove the seal, impose a new and re-twist. After that, the verification procedure is repeated. By the window of events, the crane overlap, and cause masters from Gorgaz, which should inspect and make an appropriate mark in the log. Even if the inspections have to wait a few days, do not use the stove, as it is unsafe, even if everything is done correctly. Only a specialist will identify the marriage of the slab if the manufacturer allowed it.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
To the question, it is possible to put the gas stove independently, you already answered yourself - yes, you can. It would be nice to see how professionals do, and now there is such an opportunity. In the video, all stages of work are shown in detail, as well as clarified the nuances that need to be taken into account when assembling. It will be the best help for those who decided to deliver and connect the gas tile in the apartment, house or in the country.
A source: https://vodatyt.ru/moimi-rukami/podklyuchenie-gazovoy-plity.html.
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With questions arising from the connection of the slab, sooner or later there is any owner who has been carried out. It would seem that it may be easier: disconnected the old device and attached a new one. Live and be happy.
But not everything is so simple. Since the stove belongs to the equipment of increased danger, the rules of its operation are clearly governed by law. We'll figure it out how to connect the gas stove to ensure the proper level of security and do not get problems with the law.
Can I install yourself
According to the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated 14.05.2013 N 410 "On measures to ensure safety when using and maintaining intracerene and intravartic gas equipment", only certified specialists are eligible for installation and replacement.
Therefore, know that if you connect the stove yourself, then the gas cameras will have questions when checking.
The contract contains the name and number of the unit standing in each apartment. When checking the health, which is carried out every six months, the employee fixes that a unauthorized connection was made, and you can impose a fine on you. And this is even if you did everything right.
If, due to the wrong installation there will be a fire or explosion, then you will be charged to pay damage, and you will incur criminal punishment.
This is done to ensure universal safety: remember how many tragedies are due to the fault of those who do not comply with the rules of operation of gas appliances.
By the way, all these requirements fully apply to the devices connected to the cylinders.
Where to contact?
So, after you chose the stove and you were delivered to you, the question arises about it. It is obvious that installing independently no way out. So where to contact? There are several options here:
- Installation services can offer in the store where you purchased the technique.
- You can also contact organizations that have permission to manipulate gas equipment. After connecting, you will be given a document, which will confirm that the work was carried out in accordance with the law.
- Call an employee from an organization serving gas apparatuses in your home.
The last option is the most convenient way, since in any case you need to invite a service representative so that he will record changes and made a mark in a technical passport.
Just do not invite private masters on the announcement or gas organizations unofficially. The contract with them is not, and they are not issued documents, and therefore such a replacement is equal to illegal.
Rates for the service do not have a clear digit. How much it will cost, depends on where you refer to the procedure, the complexity of work and from the region of residence. On average, the value fluctuates from 1 to 3 thousand rubles.
Payment is usually made on site after the installation is completed. Make sure that the specialist necessarily gives you a check.
Note that if you use the service of a store or service center, then upon subsequent call, an employee from a gas supply organization for departure will also have to pay.
Tools and Details for Connection
In most cases, the necessary details have a master. You will only have to pay the cost of installed elements. But you can buy everything yourself, pre-clarify what it is necessary.
Do not purchase cheap details without documents. All products must be with certification marks.
For installation will be required:
- Flexible hose.
- Ball crane.
- Sealant: Fuma tape or Loctite 55.
- The dielectric coupling (if the slab must be connected to electricity and installed metallized hose).
The hose with which the device is connected to the gas pipeline must be made specifically for gas. They are always marked with yellow. If there is a blue or red mark on it, then such an element is not suitable because they are intended for water. Distinguish the following types of hoses:
- Rubber - made of high-strength vulcanized rubber reinforced with textile thread. It is flexible and durable, withstands temperatures from - 35 to + 50 ° C. It is inexpensive.
- In the metal braid - the modification of the previous version, where the strength increases due to the presence of metal casing. The price of it, of course, is also higher.
- Sylphon - is a corrugated pipe from metal plastic. It is resistant to wear, withstands pressure drops, nits well and stretched. Of all those represented, it has the highest cost.
Before buying, check with a specialist, which of the hoses is better to purchase.
The ball valve will be needed if a shift element has not been replaced for a long time. Some homes still stand the petal cranes that in accordance with the last standards are unacceptable. The new valve must be made of a nickel coating brass.
As a sealant to create a safe compound, a fum-tape or elbow 55 is used, which are complex synthetic seals. Previously, flax thread used for these purposes, however, it does not always provide a hermetic connection. These products are much more reliable and durable.
The gasket is installed between the hose and the slab itself. It is needed to ensure that small garbage does not fall into the instrument from the gas supply system. This greatly increases the timing of the technique. The gasket has a diameter of 3 mm and is usually supplied complete with the device.
The dielectric clutch is needed if the stove has an electric oven or ignition, i.e. it connects to electricity. It is necessary that with random touch of the hose of the included oven, the electrical potential has not accumulated, which can damage it.
Also, it will be useful to prepare a container with a soap solution and a brush or a sponge. They will use to check - there is no leakage.
If you connect the plate to the cylinder, you will also need a pressure stabilizer. It is absolutely necessary because the pressure in the cylinder is much higher than in the pipes. And to reduce it, apply a special item.
The rest of the tools: Keys, screwdrivers, the employee has in stock and you additionally prepare anything required.
If you do not have a counter, you can immediately ask the masters to do this work. Of course, for an additional service in the form of an installation of a gas meter, you must pay, but it will not have to make a call in the future. Just say in advance this moment, buy a counter and all components. About what gas meter is better, we have already spoken.
How is the installation?
To know how to install the device correctly, it should be at least to control the operation of gas and not run into negligent employees.
The whole process can be divided into several stages, which will be discussed.
Dismantling of an old plate
First of all, it is necessary to overlap the supply of gas on omund. Next, you need to try to turn on one of the burners if the gas does not do, you can disconnect the hose from the pipe and from the stove.
After you turn off the server from the outlet (if there is a connection) and make out of the room.
Replacing the crane
It will take speed and accuracy here, since gas will flow into the apartment. If the replacement is not raised, the hole must be closed with a damp cloth or a cork from a wine bottle. And if the installation of the crane is required to postpone for quite a long time, the specialist will put the plug.
Do not forget to open the windows and avoid open fire or sparks!
In some cases, the valve is required to trim the grinder. This can occur if the connection is covered with several layers of paint and unwind it.
After removing the old crane, the carving is pretty wells from the sealant, the seal is wound and the valve windshes.
You can pre-get from the device all the bars and grilles, as well as remove the packaging. Leave only a film from above, it will protect from dirt that occurred when mounting.
Then it is necessary to fasten the legs to the stove and put it in place to align. It should stand strictly in terms of the level, do not swing and do not go. This can be achieved, alternately twisted legs and controlling the leveling of the construction level.
In some models, the legs are not regulated. Then you have to put cardboard or thin wooden planks.
It remains only to connect the gas hose with a crane and the instrument itself. To do this, a sufficient amount of sealant is wound on the hose fitting and it is screwed into the tap thread. After the hose screws to the stove. Between them necessarily lay the gasket.
At the same time, note that the diameter of the hose and pipe may not coincide. Then the adapter will be required, which is usually included in the machine set. In the same stage, a dielectric coupling is attached.
Here, in fact, all. Now you only need to check the jokes for leakage.
The master processes all the docking nodes of soap foam, controlling, whether bubbles do not influence. If a leak is detected somewhere, then this item is disconnected, once again processed with a sealant and is installed in place.
After you need to check the health of each burr and oven. If everything is fine, then the device can be used without fears.
What else should I know the owner?
What rules to the consumer should be observed after installation?
There are several of them:
- You should not put the slab to the wall closer than indicated in the instructions (usually about 7 cm).
- You can not allow twisting, the appearance of freshers and loops at the hose.
- The hose is not allowed to paint, otherwise it can quickly fail. Decor is allowed by self-adhesive film.
- It is forbidden to stir up the gas pipeline and the hose in drywall structures and the panel. They should always have easy access.
Now you know how to connect the gas stove correctly. It is better to entrust it to professionals, because the price for an error may be too high. And the fine here is far from the worst.
Optimal output: Invite employees of an organization that serves your home. So cheaper, and less troublesome.
Share in the comments, how did you install your gas stove? Alone or invited a specialist?